History … This was the innovative precursor to modern metallurgy and steel production. This chapter will use archaeo-metallurgical sites in today’s Hausaland in northern Nigeria, with their associated dating, to suggest an overall framework for major developments of iron … … The topic of early iron metallurgy in sub-Saharan Africa encompasses both studies of the technology and archaeology of indigenous iron production, and also an understanding of the role that iron production played in African societies before European colonization.. Copper metallurgy in Africa Understanding of how it influenced aspects of African archaeology. Außerdem analysiert es Rezensionen, um die Vertrauenswürdigkeit zu überprüfen. Akinjogbin, D.A. Ihre zuletzt angesehenen Artikel und besonderen Empfehlungen. Wählen Sie die Kategorie aus, in der Sie suchen möchten. Hinzufügen war nicht erfolgreich. Author(s): I.A. Edited by Hamady Bocoum. The topic of early iron metallurgy in sub-Saharan Africa encompasses both studies of the technology and archaeology of indigenous iron production, and also an understanding of the role that iron production played in African societies before European colonization. Contents. Lieferung verfolgen oder Bestellung anzeigen, Recycling (einschließlich Entsorgung von Elektro- & Elektronikaltgeräten). There are some researchers who think that the ancient Egyptians may have experimented with it up to 5000 years ago. Ich möchte dieses Buch auf dem Kindle lesen. Metal working in Africa has been the subject of both popular lore and extensive archaeological investigation. The Ancient Egyptians used their expertise to explore for mineral ores in Egypt and in other countries. The spread was probably largely thanks to the Bantu-speaking people of North/Central Af… And finally, iron … Iron ore is mined and produced in countries around the world including China, Australia, Brazil, India, Russia, Ukraine, South Africa, United States, Iran, Canada, Sweden and Kazakhstan. Three field seasons conducted by the Mouhoun Bend Archaeological Project (MOBAP) team from 1997 to 2000 adds some new elements to this dossier. This paper is a review of the course of research during the past decade into the history of indigenous metal working in sub-Saharan Africa. Person. Um die Gesamtbewertung der Sterne und die prozentuale Aufschlüsselung nach Sternen zu berechnen, verwenden wir keinen einfachen Durchschnitt. Geben Sie es weiter, tauschen Sie es ein, © 1998-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. oder Tochtergesellschaften. By the 6th century BCE, it may have made its way to Nigeria, practiced by the Nok culture, and over time spread throughout the continent. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. At its core, metallurgy involves scientists examining the microstructure of a metal, allowing then the mechanical properties of the metal to be determined, and empowers engineers to utilise that metal for various purposes such as welding or metalworking. Okafor, A. The Physical Object Format Hardcover Number of pages 240 ID Numbers Open Library OL9124877M ISBN 10 9231038079 ISBN 13 9789231038075 Goodreads 3694305. Lists containing this Book. African iron metallurgy encompasses a study of iron production across the continent and an understanding of how it influenced aspects of African archaeology. History of Bantu Metallurgy: Some Linguistic Aspects - Volume 4. The theory that sub-Saharan Africa borrowed its iron technology from other cultures is no longer tenable. Nachdem Sie Produktseiten oder Suchergebnisse angesehen haben, finden Sie hier eine einfache Möglichkeit, diese Seiten wiederzufinden. In this volume, four leading archaeologists attempt to provide a complete synthesis of current debates and understandings: When, how and where was metal first introduced to the continent? The fact is that the continent invented and developed its own iron metallurgy as far back as the third millennium B.C. Prefaced by Doudou Diène. African metal working traditions are remarkably diverse. Essomba, P. Fluzin, J.F.Jemkur, L.-M. Maes Diop, B. Martinelli, G. Quéchon, E.E. Gold. Under the influence of certain conclusions in comparative linguistics, historians, archeologists and ethnologists have been led to believe that the diffusion of the Bantu languages could be linked to that of iron metallurgy. The region in and around today’s Nigeria contains some of the highest concentrations of ancient iron-smelting in Africa (Gaucher, 1981; Darling, 1986; Okafor, 1993; Quéchon, 2000; Eze-Uzomaka, 2009; Clist 2013; de Barros, 1913). Where Iron Ore is Mined. Iron Metallurgy in Africa | Russell Jesse | ISBN: 9785514838295 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Both iron and copper working provided a more widespread evidence of African metallurgy. Ancient Egypt … Furthermore, several metals were produced and used in Africa, and metal production involved many technological steps which were not necessarily used for each metal type (i.e., iron, copper, gold, and tin). The iron industry is a benchmark of civilization and is underpinned by a whole body of tried and tested concepts. The work of the specialists – archaeologists, historians, ethnologists, sociologists and metallographical engineers – presented in this book bears witness to the energy of the research now being carried on in relation to African iron and steel metallurgy. Prime-Mitglieder genießen Zugang zu schnellem und kostenlosem Versand, tausenden Filmen und Serienepisoden mit Prime Video und vielen weiteren exklusiven Vorteilen. In Africa, unlike Europe and Asia, the Iron Age is not prefaced by a Bronze or Copper Age, but rather all the metals were brought together. Pastoral-nomadic copper and iron-working traditions developed in the Termit-Air-Eghazzer area of Niger. Routes du Fer en Afrique was presented at UNESCO . Loading Related Books. Metallurgy combines both the science and technology of metals and is involved in many facets of our modern society. Leider ist ein Problem beim Speichern Ihrer Cookie-Einstellungen aufgetreten. There are, in fact, three distinct situations: A mobile herder copper-producing tradition emerged in the Akjoujt region of today’s Mauritania, probably in the second millennium bce, and lasted up to 4–300 bce. However, iron working as a consistent process may have entered Northern Africa around 750 BCE. The Origins of Iron Metallurgy in Africa New Light on Its Antiquity--West and Central Africa (Memory of Peoples) This edition published in January 2004 by UNESCO. African Origins of Iron Metallurgy! Wählen Sie eine Sprache für Ihren Einkauf. The Origins of Iron Metallurgy in Africa: New Light on Its Antiquity, West and Central Africa: Amazon.de: Hamady Bocoum: Fremdsprachige Bücher A Iron metallurgy in Africa. Metallurgist, Customer Service Representative, Finance Manager and more on Indeed.com Until recently sub-Saharan Africa was regarded as a mere recipient of this technology which was supposed to have come from the Middle East by way of North Africa and the Valley of the Nile. Stattdessen betrachtet unser System Faktoren wie die Aktualität einer Rezension und ob der Rezensent den Artikel bei Amazon gekauft hat. July 26, 2013 ArchaeoAD Day of Archaeology 2013, Excavation, Finds Anthropology, Archaeology, Bantu migration, Botswana, Early Iron Age, farmer, Hunter-gatherer, Iron metallurgy in Africa, Kalahari Desert, Prehistory, Southern Africa. The Egyptians learned how to work metals from an early period, and all agree that 5,000 years ago, the Ancient Egyptians had already developed the techniques of mining, refining, and metalworking. The iron industry is a benchmark of civilization and is underpinned by a whole body of tried and tested concepts. Iron metallurgy in Africa Last updated December 06, 2019. Metallurgy jobs now available. Iron. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. The Brazilian mining corporation Vale is the largest iron ore producer in the world. Iron is a common impurity in copper ores and iron ore was sometimes used as a flux, thus it is not surprising that humans mastered the technology of smelted iro… The African Iron Age, also known as the Early Iron Age Industrial Complex, is traditionally considered that period in Africa between the second century CE up to about 1000 CE when iron smelting was practiced. evidence of iron metallurgy found around that Nubian town located in the Nile Valley. Momentanes Problem beim Laden dieses Menüs. Iron smelting and forging technologies may have existed in West Africa among the Nok culture of Nigeria as early as the sixth century B.C. Stone Age - Iron metallurgy in Africa - Metallurgy during the Copper Age in Europe - Copper - Africa - African archaeology - Sub-Saharan Africa - Iron Age - Iron - Nubia - Smelting - Egypt - Old Kingdom of Egypt - Buhen - Lost-wax casting - Kerma - Tin - Agadez Region - Niger - Metallurgy - North Africa - Sahara - Akjoujt - Mauritania - Malachite Zugelassene Drittanbieter verwenden diese Tools auch in Verbindung mit der Anzeige von Werbung durch uns. These particular types of metalworking is suggested to be ‘found almost everywhere in the western, central, eastern and southern parts of the continents. While these metals and their alloys can be cold-worked or melted in relatively simple furnaces (such as the kilns used for pottery) and cast into molds, smelted iron requires hot-working and can be melted only in specially designed furnaces. The attention focused by UNESCO on the study of iron metallurgy in Africa is intended inter alia to rescue from oblivion the contribution made by African metallurgists – smelters and blacksmiths – to the technical heritage of humankind. The Origins of Iron Metallurgy in Africa. Beliebte Taschenbuch-Empfehlungen des Monats. The Origins Of Iron Metallurgy In Africa book. Post-Excavation: What happens after you dig a site? Iron smelting may have been possible in parts of Africa for millennia. Wir verwenden Cookies und ähnliche Tools, um Ihr Einkaufserlebnis zu verbessern, um unsere Dienste anzubieten, um zu verstehen, wie die Kunden unsere Dienste nutzen, damit wir Verbesserungen vornehmen können, und um Werbung anzuzeigen. Stöbern Sie jetzt durch unsere Auswahl beliebter Bücher aus verschiedenen Genres wie Krimi, Thriller, historische Romane oder Liebesromane. Talk:Iron metallurgy in Africa. The debate on the development of iron metallurgy in West Africa is a particularly interesting one. Until recently sub-Saharan Africa was regarded as a mere recipient of this technology which was supposed to have come from the Middle East by way of North Africa and the Valley of the Nile. Civilization and is underpinned by a whole body of tried and tested concepts may... Ancient Egypt … the debate on the African con tinent Brazilian mining corporation is... Egypt and in other countries history of indigenous metal working in Africa a... Africa has been the subject of Both popular lore and extensive archaeological investigation Afrique was presented UNESCO! Weiter, tauschen Sie es weiter, tauschen Sie es ein, 1998-2020! 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