Globally, cyanobacteria are important primary producers and play a crucial role in the biogeochemical cycles of nitrogen, carbon, and oxygen. Cyanobacteria are autotrophs i.e. ... as warmer waters foster cyanobacteria growth. Deviram Garlapati, Muthukumar Chandrasekaran, ArulAnanth Devanesan, Thangavel Mathimani, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Role of cyanobacteria in agricultural and industrial sectors: an outlook on economically important byproducts, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 10.1007/s00253-019-09811-1, (2019). Bacteria of industrial importance are found in the genus Bacillus, Streptomyces, Lactobacillus, Clostridium, Escherichia, Leuconostoc, Acetobacter, and Azotobacter and Xanthomonas. They help in reclamation of alkaline soils.2. Spirulina is an edible cyanobacterium, which produces SCPs (single-cell protein). Cyanobacteria are important in the nitrogen cycle. They have heterocysts, which are helpful in the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen.3. They arc prokaryotes i.e. Cyanobacteria are unique organisms performing photosynthesis, bioremediation of wastewater, high biomass and biofuel productions etc. "Super Blue green algae" are basically expensive pond scum in which cyanobacterium is a singled celled organism which produces its own food through photosynthesis. … Economic Importance. Oscillatoria and few other cyanobacteria can be used as pollution indicators.5. It prevents soil erosion. Keywords: Cyanobacteria, Industrial biotechnology, Bioremediation, Cyanotoxins, Carbon fixation . 4) Oscillatoria and few other cyanobacteria can be used as pollution indicators. Cyanobacteria are very important organisms for the health and growth of many plants.They are one of very few groups of organisms that can convert inert atmospheric nitrogen into an organic form, such as nitrate or ammonia. Cyanobacteria are common components of phytoplankton communities in most freshwater ecosystems. Propionic acid bacteria. Proliferations of cyanobacteria are often caused by high nutrient loading, and as such can serve as indicators of declining water quality. contain an incomplete nucleus. Massive industrialization in developing countries, like India, has polluted fresh water bodies, including wetlands. They are also used in the treatment of industrial and domestic wastewaters for the utilization or removal of ammonia, phosphates and … ... , industrial-scale production process. An acidic chemical that is synthesized naturally by the cyanobacteria reduces the soil alkalinity. 5) . Acetic acid bacteria. IMPORTANT because atmospheric N2 is unavailable to most living organisms. It is these "fixed" forms of nitrogen which plants need for their growth, and must obtain from the soil. Based on the product of their fermentation, bacteria can be classified as: Lactic acids bacteria. eg., Nosctoc 6. Cyanobacteria help in the reclamation of USAR soil. Answer (1 of 2): 1. In the industrial sector, value-added products from cyanobacteria such as pigments, enzymes and exopolysaccharides are being produced in large scales for biomedical and health applications. Importance of Bacteria. manufacture theirs on food material. They play a very important role in the life of human beings. Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. They release o2 in the environment due to their photosynthetic activity.4. In addition to the ecological importance of cyanobacteria, these microorganisms have also been exploited for commercial and industrial use. Cyanobacteria improve the fertility of the soil. Sometimes referred to by the misnomer ‘blue-green algae’, ... such as diversion of runoff away from water sources and decreased use of industrial fertilizer, can reduce the occurrence of toxic blooms. POSITIVE IMPORTANCE: 1. 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