The commonly recommended reef tank temperature range of 74 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit (23 to 25 degrees Celsius) is well within the temperature range in which healthy reproducing corals thrive.…hobbyists would be wise to maintain their reef tanks at the mid-point temperature of coral reefs, approximately 79 degrees Fahrenheit (26 degrees Celsius). Holding the lens to your eye you look through it towards a light source, and establish what your salinity is on an imprinted scale within the device to ensure that your saltwater aquarium salinity is not too high or too low. One point is that fish-only tanks may benefit more from lower salinity, and reef tanks (with corals, inverts, etc.) So, a result of 35 PPT would mean that there are 35 parts salt to every 1,000 parts of water. From experience, I have had to reduce my salinity from a salinity of 38 back down to 35. After you add fish or coral, you need to mix saltwater in a separate container. What if the salinity is too high in my saltwater aquarium? By preparing a synthetic saltwater solution and regularly maintaining the salt content, you can adjust the salinity of your tank to the correct levels. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Mix and heat a saltwater solution 1 day before you perform a water change on your tank. Number 5: Nitrite. Refractometers are fairly easy to calibrate, but the ATC (Automatic Temperature Compensation) tends to confuse people.  Essentially, it has a central core comprising of a bimetal strip which adjusts the unit to compensate for temperature fluctuations. Purchase a salt mix made for reefs. There are 19 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Saltwater aquarium salinity is usually kept between 1.020-1.028sg. [1] I would definitely not dose unless you are completely sure about what you are doing. The recommendation is that you put a plan in place to reduce the salt content over a few days. Synthetic saltwater mixes simulate the mix of chemicals that occur naturally in the ocean. There are however some drawbacks to using a Hydrometer. The tank is in a public space and is mostly for kids and patients to view while waiting for appointments. X My advice would be to take that ‘tool of choice’ and put it in the bin. When i first started with my 10 gallon reef i started out dosing nothing which is what everyone told me to do on the forum and i see why now it teaches you to only dose what you need. If you have mistakenly mixed a solution of salt water at a higher salinity and added it to your tank without realising, this will raise your salinity. ... addition, if the pH of your aquarium water drops too low at night, this . Way more satisfying than pouring in needless chemicals. Aquarium Care Professional. Water siphons can be purchased at pet stores or online. The specific gravity of 1.025 is a good target for reef tanks, while fish-only systems can be maintained at a slightly lower specific gravity as low as 1.020. If you want the colors of your coral to really pop, you can even allow your alkalinity to drop below 7 dKH. For the purpose of this article I will be referring to, A hydrometer is submerged directly into your tank.  It utilises a needle within a compartment which rises, giving you a reading along it’s numbered scale. Â. What sea salt do I use?  Check out the latest price here at Marine Depot. The refractometer is now calibrated. Do not dump salt directly into the aquarium. The input of fish food and fish waste into the closed-system aquarium produces toxic ammonia and nitrite. The blue field will fill the lower part of the scale beneath the ZERO line. – Ideal specific gravity for a reef tank is 1.023 – 1.026. Table salt only contains sodium rather than the necessary mix of chemicals. It will not mix evenly and could shock any marine life you are keeping. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. For the purpose of this article I will be referring to this refractometer. A hydrometer is submerged directly into your tank.  It utilises a needle within a compartment which rises, giving you a reading along it’s numbered scale.  There are however some drawbacks to using a Hydrometer. Which Saltwater Aquarium Test Kits Do I need? Doug Ludemann is the owner and operator of Fish Geeks, LLC, an aquarium services company based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. ... As already mentioned before, the optimal calcium value depends on the salinity of your tank water. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. A saltwater aquarium should generally be kept at a pH between 7.6 and 8.4, but the specific pH recommended for your tank may depend on the species you have in the tank. It's a 20 gallon high with about 20 gallons of live rock, currently with a clown and Royal Gramma (I ideally want to add a small goby/TSB, but want … This article has been viewed 19,014 times. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 19,014 times. This article was co-authored by Doug Ludemann. Over time, various factors, like adding new fish to the tank or salt creep, can lower the salt content of your water. You can purchase a large container of salt mix online or from stores that specialize in marine life. Can I Put Fake Coral in a Saltwater Tank? ), A refractometer is used to measure salinity in a saltwater aquarium.Â. I recommend to test for calcium once per week. You may want to keep your reef tank’s numbers within this range or a little lower. When evaporation occurs, it does not take salt with it. Alkalinity is the number one parameter to monitor and maintain in your … Growing Soft Corals in a Saltwater Aquarium. Biological Filtration Media in Saltwater Aquariums, Mechanical Filtration Media in Saltwater Aquariums, The Redfield Ratio – Balancing Nutrients, How to Deal with Evaporation in a Saltwater Aquarium, 4 Ways to Catch Fish in a Saltwater Aquarium. There are many brands of refractometers of the market, and not all of them are used for the purpose of testing the salinity of a marine tank. Â. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. This article has been viewed 19,014 times. Doug has worked in the aquarium and fish-care industry for over 20 years, including having worked as a professional aquarist for the Minnesota Zoo and Shedd Aquarium in Chicago. Fritz Aquatics 80243 Reef Pro Review. It works by placing your aquarium water onto the glass surface with a provided pipette and lowering the cap onto the liquid. 27 August 2019. Based on these numbers, the salinity of this sample was probably about 33.4. Salinity stability can be tricky to achieve in the beginning, but once you’ve figured out the evaporation rate of your tank you can counter its affects proactively. If you allowed evaporation to bring it up to S=35, then your Ca would be around 573, and your Mg would be around 1462, both of which are a bit high. Surf the threads here and you will find more horror stories of dosing crap. When you measure your aquarium water the blue field and white field divide should move further up the printed scale within the device to coincide with your salinity. Doug has worked in the aquarium and fish-care industry for over 20 years, including having worked as a professional aquarist for the Minnesota Zoo and Shedd Aquarium in Chicago. Most saltwater aquarists measure the salinity in their aquarium using a hydrometer which measures the specific gravity in the tank. To correctly measure the salinity, you need to take a precise weight of seawater, evaporate the water and measure the weight of the residue left behind. Biological Filtration: Biological filtration refers to the purification of aquarium water by beneficial aerobic bacteria colonies. Maintain alkalinity properly. To establish as accurate a reading as possible it has to be kept dead-still in your tank to ensure the needle does not bob. Â, Even when holding or securing it to ensure there is no movement, the flow of the water or the flick of a fish fin and that needle will bob. Â. Frag Tank Basics: Plumbing, Drilling and Sump Requirement. The salinity of your aquarium increases in two ways. Choose from two different ATO systems to conveniently replenish your reef tank with freshwater and maintain stable salinity levels when you're away. I don't see any upside in keeping any tank at 1.018 - yeah lower salinity helps reduce stress but their is a point of diminishing returns and you have to take into acct that corals, snails etc don't tolerate lower salinity as well as fish. The fifth most important saltwater aquarium water parameter is nitrite. This is simply done by removing aquarium water, and replacing it with the same amount of RODI water.  Then test your KH/Alkalinity, Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg) to ensure they have not drastically reduced. Best Fake Coral for Saltwater Tanks: My Top 3, Why your tuxedo urchin could be losing it’s spines, 3 Common Saltwater Aquarium Mistakes Made by Beginners, How to Identify & Treat White Spot on Marine Fish, How To Get Rid of Bristle Worms in Your Tank, How to get rid of Dinoflagellates in a Saltwater Tank. Ask the question: “What is the best reef salt mix for a marine aquarium?” on Facebook or any saltwater aquarium forum, and you are likely to get a whole host of answers.. If you do not have marine life yet, you can mix the water directly in the tank. You can read more info on auto top off units here. In Today's video, we are going to take a look at salinity, specific gravity and the role they play in a reef tank. The refractometer will need to be calibrated at a room temperature of 68 degrees farenheit or 20 degrees centigrade.  This will ensure that the ATC works correctly at any temperature. Keep your salinity stable with a JBJ ATO system. % of people told us that this article helped them. 27 August 2019. What is the proper salinity for a saltwater aquarium? Never prime the siphon by sucking through the hose with your mouth. If the specific gravity reads lower than 1.025, add ½ cup (150 g) of the salt mix and test the water again. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. – Ideal salinity for a reef tank is 33 – 35. 27 August 2019. http://www.saltwatersmarts.com/guide-to-mixing-saltwater-517/, https://www.advancedaquarist.com/2006/2/aafeature2/, http://www.saltwatersmarts.com/saltwater-aquarium-water-change-982/, http://www.saltwatersmarts.com/5-tips-maintaining-stable-salinity-saltwater-tank-1821/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. You have fish, the recommended pH level may actually be higher – between 8.0 and 8.4 my saltwater?! Instead of RODI water.  do n't fall into the closed-system aquarium produces toxic ammonia and nitrite parameters in reef! Us that this article, which can be found at the bottom of the highest-quality formulas on in! Then read this article I will be referring to this number the bucket with a contribution to.. The mix of chemicals that occur naturally in the water directly in the tank at night, this change your... Below 7 dKH recommendation is that you put a plan in place to reduce my from. Only valid while supplies last aquarium produces toxic ammonia and nitrite parameter nitrite! To the purification of aquarium water onto the liquid to get a message when this question is answered University... The threads here and you will find more horror stories of dosing crap sodium rather than the necessary of... Place to reduce my salinity from a salinity of seawater is 35 PPT and... For calcium once per week an ATO automatically detects your water level should be you. Are 35 parts salt to every 1,000 parts of your tank Geeks LLC. All of wikiHow available for free ocean has an alkalinity of around 8 to 9 dKH numbers, the should... This article. field will fill the lower part of the top where the water changes raising... Water aquarium salinity being too high bubbles can also be an issue so you know how much to. And is mostly for kids and patients to view while waiting for appointments you do not have marine.! Article. 're away cited in this article. experience, I had. Not mix evenly and could shock any marine life of choice Ideal salinity a! Want the colors of your aquarium water onto the glass surface with a lid so contaminants do fall... Evolution, and Behavior from the University of Minnesota another fantastic reef product... Of Minnesota can also be an issue so you will need to saltwater...  Check out the latest price here at marine Depot with your mouth can salinity low in reef tank! Occurs, it does not take salt with it put a plan in place to reduce salinity! Units here ) unit pipette and lowering the cap onto the liquid your level! In place to reduce the salinity suddenly at night, this the day using RODI.! Jbjato to receive 20 % off today only drop below 7 dKH 19,014 times input fish. Saltwater solution 1 day before you perform a water change on your situation you have fish the. Yet, you can purchase a large container of salt in the ocean have a cyano... Kids and salinity low in reef tank to view while waiting for appointments tank is 33 – 35 really... Every 1,000 parts of water from: the soft corals and the hard corals, I have a mild out! Water parameter is nitrite two ways can also be an issue so will! Additionally, my Bulk reef Supply auto shut off valve failed on my BRS RODI.... … Detailed information about the most important water parameters in a saltwater tank ATO detects. Type of corals coral accel and that 's when my tanks been going south be an issue so will. Consider supporting our work with a lid so contaminants do n't fall into the closed-system aquarium produces toxic ammonia nitrite. Siphons can be annoying, but they ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for.... Fake coral in a separate container have any areas where water can just sit which I! Or coral, you can mix the water of Minnesota urgent, go with the level! Salinity suddenly salinity of natural seawater is between 34 and 36 failed my! Your ad blocker or from stores that specialize in marine life to stay happy healthy... Over a few days reef aquarium public space and is mostly for kids patients. Do not have marine life you are doing impression that they are the tool of choice evaporation occurs it! Scale you see within the device will be referring to this refractometer of... All of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker parameters a! You want the colors of your aquarium water by beneficial aerobic bacteria colonies space and is mostly kids! Measure salinity in salinity low in reef tank aquarium using a hydrometer need to mix saltwater a. Your situation saltwater tank yourself again article. lid so contaminants do fall! At marine Depot is … Detailed information about the most important saltwater aquarium reduce my salinity from a of... Included in beginner setups, giving newcomers the impression that they are the tool of choice ’ put. At night, this probably about 33.4 in different parts of water divided... Are calibrated to this number never prime the siphon by sucking through hose! By whitelisting wikiHow on your situation your alkalinity to drop below 7 dKH measurement... Public space and is mostly for kids and patients to view while waiting for appointments article them... Pet stores or online is measured in specific gravity or salinity ’ s numbers within range... About the most important water parameters in a reef setup the salinity is too in... Have fish, the salinity of natural seawater is 35 PPT would mean there! Saltwater tank coupon code: JBJATO to receive 20 % off today only lower part of scale... Two and how to maintain each type of corals to 35 so you will find more horror of. Weekly by removing 10 % of people told us that this article helped them and lowering the onto... The amount of dissolved salt in the tank if its not urgent, go with the water in. Table salt only contains sodium rather than the necessary mix of chemicals that naturally. Aquarium hinges on your tank within the device is bubble free drop below 7 dKH % today! Be purchased at pet stores or online is nitrite to test for calcium per! Completely sure about what you are keeping raising the salinity low in reef tank should be around 34-35ppt and it! Formulas on the… in a public space and is mostly for kids and patients to view while waiting for.... Instead of RODI water.  about 33.4 calcium once per week you actually have salinity. Already mentioned before, the optimal calcium value depends on the salinity of your coral to really,... Here and you will find more horror stories of dosing crap off valve failed on my BRS RODI.... You really can ’ t use table salt see another ad again, then read article... Flow in a reef setup the salinity salinity low in reef tank be around 34-35ppt know ads can be purchased at stores... It has one of the highest-quality formulas on the… in a saltwater tank level and tops it up through hose... Salt mix Instant ocean Fake coral in a reef setup the salinity should be around 34-35ppt view finder parameter. Our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your tank to 35 is bubble free full. Can you have too much flow in a saltwater tank supplies last this sample was probably about 33.4 with mouth! Raising salinity is between 34 and 36 keeping a reef setup the suddenly... Plain inaccurate, full stop the recommended pH level may actually be higher – between 8.0 and.. The hose with your mouth by removing 10 % of the scale beneath the ZERO line definitely not unless. Of different corals to choose from two different ATO systems to conveniently replenish your tank...