Even more striking in the protests was the deep interweaving of race and colonialism with these issues of religion and law. Buddhism has been given the foremost place under Article 9 of the Constitution which can be traced back to an attempt to bring the status of Buddhism back to the status it enjoyed prior to being destroyed by colonialists. Dr. Ittapane Dhammalankara Thera, speaking at the occasion, thanked the Embassy of China in Sri Lanka, the Buddhist community in China, and the Sri Lanka-China Buddhist Friendship Association (SLCBFA) for assisting Buddhist temples to overcome the hardships faced due to the COVD-19 pandemic in Sri Lanka. The Guests of Honour for the function are Ven Professor Bellawnwila Wimalaratana, Chancellor, University of Sri … Drawing on monastic disciplinary texts, legal archives, and representations of law taken from online and popular media, this article analyzes how and why a minor, routine friction between Buddhist ecclesiastical rules and Sri Lankan statutory regulations—a dispute over whether a monk may wear his robes in prison—came to be portrayed as a grand contest between two incompatible regimes: “Buddhist law” and “state law.”. What happens when Buddhists turn to public litigation to dispute the meanings of the Vinaya Piṭaka, the monastic disciplinary As the protests spread around the country, critics focussed less on the conviction itself and more on a rather small legal technicality relating to the procedures of imprisonment: the question of whether the monk would be forced to remove his sacred robes and don the standard prison uniform of a white “jumper” and shorts. The problem with Buddhist law in Sri Lanka. The objectives of this university were the propagation of Buddhism, the development of Pali and Buddhist Studies in Sri Lanka and foreign countries and the provision of facilities for research in the relevant fields. April 24, 2019. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. Gnanasara’s arrest filled newspaper headlines and TV programmes, social media memes and viral videos. The Buddhist clergy has been pushing for Gnanasara’s release. What, then, explains why some normative frictions become the focus of major controversies, whereas others do not? University Admission Academic Year 2020 / 2021 (Foreign Candidates) – Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka LLB (Hons) Law 2020 Intake – SLIIT Master of Development Economics (MDE) 2020 / 2021 – Faculty of Commerce and Management – Eastern University, Sri Lanka Between 1983 and 2009, Sri Lanka was plagued by a civil war between the Sinhala government and Tamil (mainly Hindu) rebels. Rising Buddhist nationalism in Sri Lanka has prompted the government to revisit plans for a cow slaughter ban, with Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa reportedly floating the proposal in a parliamentary meeting. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. They have a strong influence in Sri Lankan politics. Kelaniya Temple in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Most users should sign in with their email address. Search for other works by this author on: You do not currently have access to this article. Lanka Daily News, Feb 14, 2011 Colombo, Sri Lanka — The Postgraduate Institute of Management (PIM) will launch a monumental text on “Buddhist Ecclesiastical Law” authored by the well known lawyer and legal academic Dr Wickrema Weerasooria on February 15. This article tries to answer this question, while examining a genre of religious law that has not received much attention by scholars of law and religion, Buddhist law in Sri Lanka. Ashoka the Great was a patron of Buddhism, and when King Tissa of Ceylon sent an emissary to India, Ashoka seized the opportunity to put in a good word about Buddhism to the King. The monk, Ven. Several weeks after the Sri Lanka’s Easter tragedy, in which suicide attackers with links to ISIS killed more than 250 people in a series of coordinated bombings, the country’s president announced that he was releasing a Buddhist monk from prison. 13 For their part, Sri … At the time of his release he had served ten months of a six-year sentence for contempt of court. 3. Buddhist architecture in Sri Lanka Cave temples The earliest evidence of rudimentary cave temples are found in Mihintale, a unique feature in these caves was the use of a drip ledge carved along the top edge of the rock ceiling which stopped rain water running into … As recent as 1970s and late 1980s we witnessed in Sri Lanka gross violations of International Humanitarian Laws by the government forces, insurgents and Tamil armed groups. Incorporation of Sarana Buddhist (Relief) Foundation. SARANA BUDDHIST (RELIEF) FOUNDATION (INCORPORATION) Marginal Notes: 1. Galagoda Atte Gnanasara, was the country’s most controversial cleric, having risen to prominence in the aftermath of Sri Lanka’s civil war as the head the Army of Buddhist Power (Bodu Bala Sēnā), an influential Buddhist nationalist group with strongly anti-Muslim views. Samuels, Jeffrey 2007. A Sri Lankan Buddhist monk participates in rites dedicated to the victims of a horrific series of bombings that took place on Easter Day 2019 and killed more than 250 people in the cities of Colombo, Negombo, and Batticaloa. Understanding religion in this region increasingly requires scholars to understand law and history and, perhaps then, begin to understand a healthy way to move forward. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. 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The first is the militarization of government and governance. and British colonists who, as Gnanasara put it “made the law, while holding a bible and giving responsibility to God.” In slogans and speeches dense with multivalent language that mixed together imagery of skin-color, nationality, ethnicity, and language, protestors announced that Sri Lanka’s legal institutions were tainted by bigotry and that those state officials who staffed the courts were, in fact, cabal of deracinated “black-whites” (kalu suddo) who were perpetuating a regime of colonial oppression. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Nissanka, Lanka Daily News, July 22, 2009 Colombo, Sri Lanka -- “In the strict sense of the word, there is no Buddhist law; there is only an influence exercised by Buddhist ethics or changes that have taken place in customs. Impact of Buddhism on Sri Lanka: The Indian Influence: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0582-2.ch003: This paper is a historical study of the mutual exchanges in the religious and cultural traditions, in the context of Buddhism between India and Sri Lanka. The history of Buddhism in Sri Lanka begins with Emperor Ashoka of India (304 - 232 BCE). Authors: S. Goonasekera. Events like Jumper-gate (or Buddhist legal activism) seem to be occurring more often, not less—not just in Sri Lanka but around Southeast Asia. Jumper-gate is one of those rare prism-like events, in which, for a moment, a miscellany of seemingly diffuse and unrelated ideas becomes boldly visible as a single connected unit. The war had numerous causes, but prominent among them were government moves to embrace religious nationalism. From 4 to 6 September 2019, over 120 participants from around the world gathered in the historic town of Dambulla, Sri Lanka, for a global conference on "Reducing Suffering During Armed Conflict: The Interface Between Buddhism and International Humanitarian Law (IHL)".The conference, the first of its kind, was attended by respected Buddhist scholars, monks, academics and legal Subsequent negotiations with political allies and smaller parties suggest the new government is also close to securing the two-thirds majority necessary to make the constitutional changes needed for anti-conversion legislation. “A big blow to Sri Lanka’s already battered rule of law… Register, Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Sri Lanka has declared a state of Emergency following a series of clashes between Buddhists and Muslims in the country. Please check your email address / username and password and try again. Practitioners of Buddhism can be found amongst the Sinhalese population as well as the Tamil population. They also inserted Buddhism into the constitution: “The Republic of Sri L… Representing Religion, Law, and Conflict, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Volume 87, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages 662–692, https://doi.org/10.1093/jaarel/lfz032, Public disputes over the legal regulation of religion are often portrayed as naturally occurring conflicts between competing normative systems: religious law and state law. 1, Issue. The proposal has brought together Buddhists and Tamils who see such as law as in line with their religious sentiments. After they won independence from Britain in 1948, Sri Lanka’s politicians started to enforce the use of the Sinhala language across the country’s public institutions, making it the official language. Buddhism and Caste in India and Sri Lanka.Religion Compass, Vol. Even though Sri Lanka is a Buddhist majority and there is a strong religious freedom clause in the constitution, the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act supersedes all the laws when it comes to the Muslim community on the island. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. The post The problem with Buddhist law in Sri Lanka appeared first on OUPblog. For example, protestors spoke out against what they perceived as injustices built into the island’s long-standing system of legal pluralism, in which separate bodies of property and personal law applied to Muslims, Jaffna Tamils, Kandyan Sinhalese and others—while no concrete legal accommodations seemed to apply to Buddhists, beyond vague constitutional guarantees to give Buddhism the “foremost place.”  Protestors also used the idea of a monk being forced to disrobe as evidence of a state-led legal campaign against monastic law, or Vinaya. 1, p. 120. The third is the non-complacence with the Constitution and the absence of rule of law. Please follow the link we've just sent you to activate the subscription. 39 of 2007. You could not be signed in. So fixated was the public on Gnanasara’s prison clothes that some journalists begin referring to the affair as “Jumper-gate.”. Muhammad and the Empires of Faith: The Making of the Prophet of Islam, By Sean W. 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Venerable Sumanasiri’s academic and administrative expertise is such that he becomes the 7th Vice Chancellor of Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka on 30th October 2014. Support for Gnanasara merged with demands for law reform. Gnanasara is now out of prison. Jayatilleke by H.S.S. January 2014; DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781139044134.010. From a chorus of voices opposing the court’s judgment, Sri Lankan Buddhist protestors directed their attentions to the robe. Colombo, Sri Lanka-- The Postgraduate Institute of Management (PIM) will launch a monumental text on "Buddhist Ecclesiastical Law" authored by the well known lawyer and legal academic Dr Wickrema Weerasooria on February 15. 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