The dam was subsequently rebuilt. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Banqiao Reservoir Dam is a dam on the River Ru in Zhumadian City, Henan province, China. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) [BU XIANG] on Amazon.com. Based on the 2010 census, its total population was 5,691,707, 1,154,086 of whom resided in the built-up area comprising the two urban districts. Deforestation further reduced the capacity of the area to handle intense rains, which created more runoff. Consequently, sediment was deposited only on the river bottom or in Dongting Lake, which caused the flood level to rise and created a lowland on the north bank. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and its power station has an installed capacity of 13,860 MW. THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: Approved For Release 2003/06/04: CIA-RDP80R01443R000300010011-7 MEMORANDUM FOR: Director of Central Intelligence SUBJECT The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster 1. The bridge is 1,742.3 metres (5,716 ft) long and carries two tracks of the Jiaozuo–Liuzhou Railway and road traffic. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. The YangtzeRiver, which is 6,380 km (3,964 mi) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world. The number of dead from this flood was estimated at around 33,000, including those who died of plague in the aftermath of the disaster. Yangtze Flood Seen From Air. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) In 1954, a series of deadly floods hit the Hubei province of central China. The city of Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei province, China, has a long and rich history that dates back over 3,500 years. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. This flooding is certainly not the first of its kind: the Yangtze River basin experiences large floods about every 10 years, each causing suffering and extreme damage to the economy and environment. Its total drainage area is about 752,546 square kilometers (290,560 sq mi). The Qing River is a right (southern) tributary of the Yangtze River in Hubei province of south-central China. In 1969, a large stone monument was erected in the riverside park in Hankou (City of Wuhan, Hubei) honoring the heroic deeds in fighting the 1954 flood. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Great plans are afoot: A bridge will fly to span the north and south, Turning a deep chasm into a thoroughfare; Walls of stone will stand upstream to the westTo hold back Wushan's clouds and rain Till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorgesThe mountain goddess if she is still there Will marvel at a world so changed.". Updates? Hankou is connected by bridges to its triplet sister towns Hanyang and Wuchang. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. It was regarded as the goddess of protection by local fishermen and boatmen in China. The 1954 flood … 3). 1954 Yangtze River Floods “ From June to September 1954 , the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Yangtze River, the longest river in Asia, also is one of the world’s major waterways. Floods of note include those of 1931, 1954, and 1998. See the article in its original context from August 8, 1954, Page 20 Buy Reprints. In 2014, the dam generated 98.8 terawatt-hours (TWh) and had the world record, but was surpassed by the Itaipú Dam, which set the new world record in 2016, producing 103.1 TWh. On August 18, 1931, the Yangtze River in China peaks during a horrible flood that kills 3.7 million people directly and indirectly over the next several months. 2. On the sides of the monument's pedestal are reliefs depicting heroic people of Wuhan fighting the flood, raising banners and placards with quotations from Mao Zedong. The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. 1954 Yangtze River Floods From June to September of 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. As a result, when the lower Yangtze basin has experienced sustained heavy rains, the consequences have been catastrophic. It stands north of the Han and Yangtze Rivers where the Han flows into the Yangtze. But, historically, the river is also considered as one of the violent and vicious rivers in the world. Despite the death of 30,000 people in the devastating 1954 Yangtze floods, the regime sabotaged the natural defences against flooding in the middle and lower Yangtze regions. This article offers a critical reappraisal of the Maoist state's response to the 1954 Yangzi floods. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. The 1998 flood resulted in higher peak stages in the middle and lower reaches than the 1954 flood, the largest flood in the last century. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Inscription on the triumph of the people of Wuhan over the flood". Jingzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern Hubei, China, located on the banks of the Yangtze River. Among the carvings on the monument is a calligraphic inscription by Mao Zedong, dedicated to the people of Wuhan: Below, is his poem "Swimming"(1956), envisioning future bridge and dam construction on the Yangtze. Yangtze reach and 5.65×10 4 m3 s-1 in the middle Yangtze; and in 1954, 4.95×10 4m 3s-1 was recorded in the upper reaches, 6.65×10 m s-1 in the middle and 8.42×10 4 m3 s-1 in the lower reaches ( Fig. In 1954, a series of deadly floods hit the Hubei province of central China.These floods were significant for many important reasons. It uses a variety of sources, including previously classified government reports and oral history testimony, to challenge the official narrative. The Yangtze River is the largest river in Asia and the third largest in the World, and also accounted for nearly 20% of China’s GDP. Yichang is a prefecture-level city located in western Hubei province, China. Because of its key role in domestic transportation, Wuhan is sometimes referred to as "the Chicago of China" by foreign sources. Subsequently, more-effective levees were built, but the floods of 1954 and 1998 were still highly destructive and killed some 30,000 and 3,650 people, respectively. Omissions? 3). The South–North Water Transfer Project, also translated as the South-to-North Water Diversion Project is a multi-decade infrastructure mega-project in the People's Republic of China. The 1931 China floods or the 1931 Yangtze-Huai River floods were a series of devastating floods that occurred in the Republic of China. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Its failure in 1975 caused as many as 230,000 deaths. Increases in the region’s population led to efforts to control the river. The Yellow River basin has an east–west extent of about 1,900 kilometers (1,180 mi) and a north–south extent of about 1,100 km (680 mi). Buy 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) by BU XIANG (ISBN: 9787807080060) from Amazon's Book Store. One of the major objectives of the Three Gorges Dam project was to alleviate flooding on the lower Yangtze. The Yangtze River has been responsible for some of China's worst natural disasters. Estimates of the total death toll range from 422,499 to between 3.7 million and 4 million. The New York Times Archives. It is located near the town of Xiluodu in Yongshan County of Yunnan Province but the dam straddles into Leibo County of Sichuan Province on the opposite side of the river. Subsequently, more-effective levees were built, but the floods of 1954 and 1998 were still highly destructive and killed some 30,000 and 3,650 people, respectively. Among the most recent major flood events are those of 1870, 1931, 1954, 1998, and 2010. The 1954 floods today remain the largest and most devastating to ever hit many communities on the New South Wales north coast. The dam has a total installed electrical capacity of 2,715 MW. Define 1954 Yangtze river flood. The Three Gorges Dam has been the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity (22,500 MW) since 2012. Yangtze reach and 5.65×10 4 m3 s-1 in the middle Yangtze; and in 1954, 4.95×10 4m 3s-1 was recorded in the upper reaches, 6.65×10 m s-1 in the middle and 8.42×10 4 m3 s-1 in the lower reaches ( Fig. EMBED. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of Western China, it flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying in Shandong province. They were some of the deadliest floods in history, and together formed one of the most lethal natural disasters of the 20th century, excluding pandemics and famines. This paper compares the 1998 and 1954 floods in the Yangtze River. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word 1954 yangtze river flood: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "1954 yangtze river flood… What are synonyms for 1954 Yangtze river flood? It's the most populous city in Central China, and one of the nine National Central Cities of China. The country had an estimated population of 635 million people. The Great Jinjiang Levee, completed in 1548, was one of many barriers constructed, and by the late 19th century the Yangtze could drain through only four openings on the south side of the river. Third, the construction of levees has caused flood levels to rise due to restricted flood discharge capacity. The reason why the 1998 flood 5 synonyms for Yangtze River: Chang, Chang Jiang, Changjiang, Yangtze, Yangtze Kiang. Yangtze River floods, floods of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in central and eastern China that have occurred periodically and often have caused considerable destruction of property and loss of life. It is the second largest city in the province after the capital, Wuhan. Corrections? This was the largest flood since 1954. 4). This irrigation system helped provide a stable farming for China. Shen Congwen romanized as Shen Ts'ung-wen, is considered to be one of the greatest modern Chinese writers, on par with Lu Xun.Regional culture and identity plays a much bigger role in his writing than that of other major early modern Chinese writers, he was known for combining the vernacular style with classical Chinese writing techniques. The dam proved effective during the extraordinarily rainy summer of 2010 by holding back much of the resultant floodwaters and thus minimizing the impact of flooding downstream. Events in the year 1957 in China. 1954 Yangtze river flood synonyms, 1954 Yangtze river flood pronunciation, 1954 Yangtze river flood translation, English dictionary definition of 1954 Yangtze river flood. The provincial capital is Wuhan, a major transportation thoroughfare and the political, cultural, and economic hub of Central China. Life has always sprung up around the Yangtze River. The water level at peak was higher in the middle reaches although the flood discharge was less than in 1954. Establishment of the Great Jinjiang levee caused silting up of the riverbed and valley in the mid-reaches of Yangtze. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Tortoise and Snake are still. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. In 256 BC, during the Warring States Period of China an amazing irrigation system the Kingdom of Quin built, which is still in use today. From June to September of 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Title: THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Subject: THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: NO CHANGE GLASS. The Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge is a road-rail truss bridge across the Yangtze River at Zhicheng, Hubei Province in central China. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) [BU XIANG] on Amazon.com. The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric gravity dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China. On August 18, 1931, the Yangtze River in China peaks during a horrible flood that kills 3.7 million people directly and indirectly over the next several months. Modern-day Wuhan is known as 'China's Thoroughfare' (九省通衢) due to its status as a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities. Partly as a result of this flood, the pressure to build new dams, the Gezhouba Dam and the Three Gorges Dam, in the upper reach of Yangtze river, gained considerable momentum. The flood of 1931 covered more than 30,000 square miles (77,700 square km)—including the cities of Nanjing and Wuhan—killed more than 300,000 people, and left 40,000,000 more homeless. Fed by tributaries some of which come from the Shennongjia Forestry District, the stream flows south, falling into the Yangtze opposite the city of Badong. In addition, many of the lakes that had once acted as flood control either were cut off from the river by levees or were converted into cropland. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism. The floods large enough to overflow the dikes have caused great distress to those who live and farm there. It is not to be confused with the Chinese white dolphin or the finless porpoise. Construction started on December 30, 1970 and ended on December 10, 1988. Noun 1. 4). THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: NO CHANGE GLASS. The most severe floods since 1950 occurred during 1954, 1973, 1983, 1995, and 1998. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. The Plant Memorial, a 50-foot granite obelisk, was erected in 1923 at the Yangtze Three Gorges to perpetuate the name of Samuel Cornell Plant. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China. At its completion in 1957, the bridge was the easternmost crossing of the Yangtze, and was often referred to as the "First Bridge of the Yangtze". 6 essential time management skills and techniques From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Ultimately it aims to channel 44.8 billion cubic meters of fresh water annually from the Yangtze River in southern China to the more arid and industrialized north through three canal systems: Shennong Stream is a left tributary of the Yangtze River, located in the Hubei Province of central China. THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: Approved For Release 2003/06/04: CIA-RDP80R01443R000300010011-7 MEMORANDUM FOR: Director of Central Intelligence SUBJECT The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster 1. It was the second largest flood to hit the region, reaching a height of 9.4 metres in Rockhampton on February 19, 1954. During the catastrophic Yangtze floods of 1998, which killed 4,000 and ruined 7 million homes, heavy rain triggered floods in upstream areas as well. The Yangtze River basin with the main River and the major tributaries (INCEDE Newsletter) For example, the water level exceeded the historical record by 1.74 m in Jianli, and 1.85 m in Lianhuatang. It is operated by China Yangtze Power and is currently the third-largest power station with the fourth-tallest dam in the world. The longest river in China overflowed and caused massive flooding, leading to the death of 100,000 people. Arising out of the conglomeration of three cities, Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, Wuhan is known as 'China's Thoroughfare'; it is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. The dam sits a few kilometers upstream from downtown Yichang, just downstream of the fall of the Huangbo River into the Yangtze. The Three Gorges Dam is located within its administrative area, in Yiling District. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Starting out from the Shang Dynasty-era archaeological site at Panlongcheng associated with Erligang culture, the region would become part of the E state and Chu state during the Zhou Dynasty. From June to September of 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Yangtze river flood (1954) The Yangtze River is the largest river in Asia and the third largest in the World, and also accounted for nearly 20% of China’s GDP. The monument was originally located at Big Temple Hill in Xintan. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Nov. 11, 2020. Hankou(Chinese: t 漢口,s 汉口,p Hànkǒu), formerly romanized as Hankow (Hangkow), was one of the three cities whose merging formed modern-day Wuhan municipality, the capital of the Hubei province, China. Tens of millions of people live in the floodplain of the Yangtze valley, an area that naturally floods every summer and is habitable only because it is protected by river dikes. But, historically, the river is also considered as one of the violent and vicious rivers in the world. Cif y.^Y 3" TS S 0 A'1Ct is -;-i 70.2 Director of Central Intelligence The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster Unprecedented rainfall in the Yangtze valley this 25X1 spring and suer--19 inches in June alone--has caused one of the worst floods of the century in the Yangtze River valley. The Yangtze is the sixth-largest river by discharge volume in the world. The primary flood region is the lower course, downstream of the Three Gorges Dam, an area in which the river flows through low-lying terrain dotted by lakes, marshes, and meandering streams. Because it was located within a flooding area related to the Three Gorges Dam Project and considered an important historical landmark for Three Gorges shipping history, the monument was moved to higher ground and restored between June 28, 2002 and January 18, 2003. In 1969, a large stone monument was erected in the riverside park in Hankou (City of Wuhan, Hubei) honoring the heroic deeds in fighting the 1954 flood. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Dongting Lake. The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of 5,464 km (3,395 mi). Below, is his poem "Swimming" [3] (1956), envisioning future bridge and dam construction on the Yangtze: [4], Sails move with the wind. Statistical analysis indicates that the annual mean discharge of the three stations has slightly decreased over the last century (Fig. It lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River's intersection with the Han river. Figure1. The earliest signs of life dating back 27 thousand years. Yangtze River became an important part of the economy since the Han Dynasty. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Each of these floods followed El Niño events that influence the Asian monsoon and that are directly linked to rainfall in the Changjiang (Yangtze River) basin. Worse, another 100,000 were murdered by starving marauders. The region evolved into an important port on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, and the cities of Hanyang, Hankou and Wuchang were united into the city of Wuhan in 1926. The climate on the river is often milder then its cousin the Yellow River making it more suitable for agriculture. the upper course of the Yangtze in China. The bridge, built from 1965 to 1971, was the third road-rail crossing on the lower 2,884 km of the Yangtze below Yibin. Due to unusually high volume of as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Despite efforts to open three important flood gates to alleviate the rising water by diverting it, the flood level continued to rise until it hit the historic high of 44.67 m (146.6 ft) in Jingzhou, Hubei and 29.73 m (97.5 ft) in Wuhan. Construction on the dam and power station began in 2005 and the first generator was commissioned in 2013, the last in 2014. The dam proved effective during the extraordinarily rainy summer of 2010 by holding back much of the resultant floodwaters and … Nicknamed "Goddess of the Yangtze" in China, the dolphin is also called Chinese river dolphin, Yangtze River dolphin, whitefin dolphin and Yangtze dolphin. In 1998, the entire Yangtze drainage area suffered from tremendous flooding. It comes as no sur… The river is the longest in the world to flow entirely within one country. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/Yangtze-River-floods. This is probably a result of the intense logging on the banks of the upper reach of Yangtze River during the later part of the 20th century. However, the death toll and levee breach caused by the 1998 flood were much less than those by the 1954 flood. Compared to the 1998 Yangtze River Floods, this flooding was more severe in terms of total flow of water, but less in terms of the highest level that the flood water reached. Additionally, the dam provides for flood control, silt control and its regulated water releases are intended to improve navigation downstream. Among the carvings on the monument is a calligraphic inscription by Mao Zedong, dedicated to the people of Wuhan: [2]. View on timesmachine. He was the first Upper Yangtze River Inspector of Chinese Maritime Customs Service, the first to command a merchant steamer plying on the Upper Yangtze River (1900), and the first to command regular Upper Yangtze commercial steamship service for the Chinese firm, Sichuan Steam Navigation Company. Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. Wuhan briefly serving as the capital city of China in 1927 in 1937. On September 6, 1911, the Yangtze River flood was one of the deadliest disasters China has ever experienced. Antonyms for 1954 Yangtze river flood. It drains one-fifth of the land area of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and its river basin is home to nearly one-third of the country's population. We must still be prepared to do battle against and overcome similarly severe floods that may occur in the future. Despite efforts to open three important flood gates to alleviate the rising water by diverting it, the flood level continued to rise until it hit the historic high of 44.67 m in Jingzhou, Hubei and 29.73 m in Wuhan. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Cif y.^Y 3" TS S 0 A'1Ct is -;-i 70.2 Director of Central Intelligence The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster Unprecedented rainfall in the Yangtze valley this 25X1 spring and suer--19 inches in June alone--has caused one of the worst floods of the century in the Yangtze … This project was funded by Zigui County Office of Immigration and managed by Qu-Yuan Township Government. The discharge in the 1998 flood was also high, only a little smaller than the catastrophic 1954 Yangtze River flood. Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Major catastrophic floods occurring over the last century include events in 1911, 1931, 1935 and 1954, which have claimed the lives of over 300,000 people. How an educator uses Prezi Video to approach adult learning theory; Nov. 11, 2020. However, the dam still had to open its floodgates to reduce the high water volume in the reservoir, and flooding and landslides in the Yangtze basin killed several hundred people and caused extensive property damage. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Due to unusually high volume of as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. The Xiluodu Dam is an arch dam on the Jinsha River, i.e. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,059,686 inhabitants whom 1,350,150 lived in the built-up area made of Yiling, Xiling, Wujiagang and Dianjun urban districts as Xiaoting District is not urbanized yet. One of the major objectives of the Three Gorges Dam project was to alleviate flooding on the lower Yangtze. Synonyms for 1954 Yangtze river flood in Free Thesaurus. Blog. The baiji is a functionally extinct species of freshwater dolphin formerly found only in the Yangtze River in China. The Gezhouba Dam or Gezhouba Water Control Project on the Yangtze River is located in the western suburbs of Yichang City in central China's Hubei province. Statistical analysis indicates that the annual mean discharge of the three stations has slightly decreased over the last century (Fig. The Wuhan Yangtze Great Bridge, commonly known as Wuhan First Yangtze Bridge, is a double-deck road and rail bridge across the Yangtze River in Wuhan, in Central China. It originates at an elevation above 16,400 feet (5,000 metres) in the Plateau of Tibet and proceeds generally eastward along a winding course until it empties into its major delta system on the East China Sea. Square kilometers ( 290,560 sq mi ) and ended on December 10 1988... Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province, China, located on lower... Violent and vicious rivers in the Province means `` north of the Yangtze River and most devastating ever! As no sur… 1954 Yangtze River floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei of. Xiang ( ISBN: 9787807080060 ) from Amazon 's Book Store located on banks... 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