In some cases, human rights defenders were arrested and detained through processes marred by due process violations. An anti-government protester is dragged away and arrested by police as security forces disrupt an opposition march coined "United for Freedom" in Managua, Nicaragua, Sunday, Oct. 14, 2018. The notion of citizen freedom predominated in Nicaragua since 1990, even during Ortega’s government. Nicaragua Economic Outlook November 10, 2020 The economy contracted 7.9% in Q2 according to recent data, despite the lack of a domestic lockdown. Another 26,000 were waiting to have their claims processed. This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Shabia Mantoo – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. In March, the UN Human Rights Council adopted its first resolution on Nicaragua with cross-regional support, condemning abuses and urging Ortega’s government to resume cooperation with international human rights bodies and negotiations with the opposition. An anti-government protester is dragged away and arrested by police as security forces disrupt an opposition march coined "United for Freedom" in Managua, Nicaragua, Sunday, Oct. 14, 2018. Deadly Nicaragua clashes continue Anger at the government has kept on increasing with rising fatalities. What they had been talking about for some time was the harassment and persecution faced by student leaders and activists who had participated in the protests in April 2018 which had led to Nicaragua making headlines around the world. Political repression and economic hardship are pushing Nicaragua toward a low-intensity, protracted conflict. Just over 8,000 have fled to Panama and another 9,000 to Europe while Mexico is sheltering some 3,600 people. However, in September, the Ortega government barred the appointed commission from entering the country. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly.The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. In June, pro-government mobs beat and threw stones at Catholic churchgoers gathering in memory of 15-year-old Sandor Dolmus, an altar boy shot in the chest during protests a year earlier. September 28, 2020. The 2018–2020 Nicaraguan protests began on 18 April 2018 when demonstrators in several cities of Nicaragua began protests against the social security reforms decreed by President Daniel Ortega that increased taxes and decreased benefits. It instructed the Permanent Council to appoint a commission to undertake diplomatic efforts toward solving the crisis and to produce a report within 75 days. In this excerpt from our Watch List 2019 - Third Update for European policymakers, Crisis Group urges the EU to press for compliance with earlier agreements and a fresh round of negotiations that can help the country out of this deadly standoff. Most powerful Atlantic hurricane of 2020 hits land The category four storm makes landfall in Nicaragua, two weeks after another devastating hurricane. The IACHR has noted an increase in harassment, attacks, and threats against human rights defenders since protests broke out in 2018. In April, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that the number of Nicaraguans applying for asylum in neighboring Costa Rica had about doubled, to 29,500, from 15,584 in October 2018. Alarcón said policemen watched without intervening. The National Police, in coordination with armed pro-government groups, brutally repressed protesters, resulting in 328 deaths and more than 2,000 people injured. “Serious political and social crises in the country have prompted Nicaraguan students, human rights defenders, journalists and farmers to flee their country at an average rate of 4,000 people every month”, UNHCR spokesperson Shabia Mantoo told journalist on Tuesday at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. With no resolution to the internal crisis in sight, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, expects these numbers to grow. And with no resolution in sight, the agency expects these numbers to grow.   |  Español 2020-10-20 Family, freedom, dignity and social justice: the pillars on which to build the country.   |  Français Many were charged with “inciting terrorism” using Nicaragua’s overly broad counterterrorism law or other serious crimes, despite what the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR) found to be often insufficient or contradictory evidence. Also in August, prominent human rights defender and leader of Nicaragua’s workers party, Freddy Navas, was detained and questioned by police upon his return to Nicaragua from Costa Rica. The OHCHR reported in September that authorities had prosecuted only individuals involved in protests or critical of the government, except for one case involving a man convicted of murdering a Brazilian student during the unrest in July 2018, who was later released under the amnesty law. Political propaganda for the ruling party was posted inside public schools. All of those released under restrictive measures were then granted amnesty, the OHCHR reported. They were freed under the amnesty law in June 2019. Since October 2019, Costa Rica, with support from UNHCR, has streamlined refugee status determination procedures for common profiles of those known to be persecuted in Nicaragua which is reducing the time for people to be recognized as refugees, granting them protection. Under a Regional Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework to address the challenges of forced displacement in and from Central America, known as the MIRPS, UNHCR coordinates with government authorities and other UN agencies to monitor cross-border movements and respond to protection and humanitarian needs of those fleeing Nicaragua. Through an agreement with UNHCR, Costa Rica has also allowed access to the public health care system to 6,000 of the most vulnerable asylum seekers. He was accused of financing a march in Costa Rica and had his personal belongings confiscated. However, Nicaragua was hit with renewed political trouble in 2018, and it was hit hard. Hundreds of protesters were arbitrarily arrested and detained, many for several months. The OHCHR also said in September that the Attorney General’s office had opened investigations into four complaints of alleged abuse by police forces against detainees; one complaint was dismissed for lacking credibility and the other three had not advanced at the time of writing. President Ortega has promoted top officials implicated in abuses. Medical professionals who perform abortions face sentences of one to six years. Stacked with his supporters, the Electoral Council has barred opposition political parties and removed opposition lawmakers. In May, Nicaragua underwent its Universal Periodic Review (UPR) at the council, during which 90 delegations submitted recommendations for improving human rights standards in Nicaragua. Police also arrested, and subsequently released, over 100 people in the context of new protests in March. Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega and Vice President Rosario Murillo speak at the 41st anniversary of the Sandinista Revolution in Managua on July 19, 2020 (Photo credit: Ben Norton / The Grayzone) Document exposes new US plot to overthrow Nicaragua’s elected socialist gov’t The report recommended that Nicaragua guarantee freedoms for civil society, reinstate NGOs and media outlets, pursue investigations, prosecute individuals accused of human rights abuses in the context of the protests, and end arbitrary arrests, among other measures. The abortion ban forces women and girls facing unwanted pregnancies to have clandestine abortions, risking their health and lives. The forced retreat to salvage lives, amid such an attack, wasn’t considered a defeat. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, Women and Girls’ Sexual and Reproductive Rights, Two Years After #MeToo Erupts, A New Treaty Anchors Workplace Shifts, Holding Companies to Account: Momentum Builds for Corporate Human Rights Duties, As Killer Robots Loom, Demands Grow to Keep Humans in Control of Use of Force, Shutting Down the Internet to Shut Up Critics, With Millions Out of School, the Countdown Begins to Get All Children into Quality, Accessible Education, Going to the Bank for Food, Not Money: The Growing Reality of Hunger in “Rich” Countries. When Jhon was arrested at the end of February, hardly anyone was talking about COVID-19, even outside of Nicaragua. I hope this helps. Nicaragua has, since 2006, prohibited abortion in all circumstances, even if a pregnancy is life-threatening or the result of rape or incest. Read more In October, the European Union adopted a sanctions framework for Nicaragua, which provides a legal mechanism for imposing targeted sanctions, including travel bans and asset freezes against top Nicaraguan officials responsible for abuse. COVID-19 Website Information Last Updated: 12/9/2020 Country-Specific Information: On December 8, Nicaragua’s Health Ministry confirmed Nicaragua’s 162 death due to COVID-19. The government did not allow the OHCHR or IACHR to send working groups to monitor the human rights situation in the country. © UNHCR/Flavia Sanchez. Other persistent problems in Nicaragua include severe restrictions on freedom of expression and association, political discrimination against state workers who support the opposition, and stringent abortion laws that leave no options for rape victims. Also in December, police raided the studio of news channel 100% Noticias and detained, on terrorism charges, Miguel Mora, the channel’s owner, and Lucía Pineda, its chief press officer. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) estimate that over 100 journalists have fled Nicaragua since April 2018. The very ability of the Sandinistas to continue governing appears to be in jeopardy.   |  عربي, Andrea, a pregnant asylum-seeker from Nicaragua, sits with her two children as they play outside their new home in Costa Rica. In February 2019, the government and the opposition resumed stalled negotiations. The Council has today extended the existing framework for imposing targeted restrictive measures in view of the situation in Nicaragua for one year, until 15 October 2021.. The first stop for most Nicaraguan refugees is neighboring Costa Rica, which hosts two-thirds of all Nicaraguan refugees and asylum seekers, or some 77,000 people. In April 2018, massive anti-government protests broke out countrywide. The resolution urges the Nicaraguan government to take a series of steps to resume negotiations with the opposition and restore access for international rights-monitoring mechanisms. There have been widespread protests against a corrupt government and these are sometimes met with force. The IACHR found that authorities threatened public officials with dismissal if they did not participate in pro-government demonstrations. According to the latest forecasts, for 2020 growth is expected to fall to -5.9 percent, and would recover slowly to … TODAY NICARAGUA - Eight months ... Today Nicaragua-November 16, 2020 0. In November and December 2018, Congress stripped nine nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) of their legal registration, effectively forcing them to close. Several years ago, I read an article on the current political state of Nicaragua and its leader, Daniel Ortega. 2020-10-09 Archbishop Báez: "Nicaragua urgently needs international solidarity and pressure" Nearly two years after Nicaragua was plunged into a serious political and social crisis, more than 100,000 people have fled reported persecution and human rights abuses in the country, seeking asylum abroad. The IACHR estimated that about 130 people remained in prison as of October. These include people with chronic conditions or disabilities, those in need of surgery, torture survivors and people living in extreme poverty. In March, an alleged member of the Sandinista Party shot at demonstrators, injuring three. Since dissipation of the protests, the Ortega government has brought hundreds of criminal cases against protesters and critics, but as of September had only opened four investigations into allegations of misconduct by the National Police. While most fleeing Nicaraguans have gone to Costa Rica, thousands more have gone to Mexico, Panama, and the United States. Four were sanctioned in June pursuant to the Nicaraguan Human Rights and Corruption Act of December 2018. O K E N H U T C. Reconsider travel to Nicaragua due to COVID-19, civil unrest, crime, limited healthcare availability, and arbitrary enforcement of laws. In September, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet released a comprehensive report on the human rights record of Nicaragua from August 2018 to July 2019. Ortega’s Sandinista Party secured a 79 percent majority in Congress in 2016, enabling it to fast-track institutional reforms that gave the president direct personal control over the police and army, allowed him to legislate by decree, and run for re-election indefinitely. 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