The aubergine (Solanum melongena L.) is a species of the Solanaceae family, widely cultivated in horticulture for its fruit. Native to the Neotropical region, Aleurotrachelus trachoides Back, commonly known as the solanum or pepper whitefly, is an emerging pest of pepper and many other horticultural crops in the United States. Raw eggplant can have a bitter taste, with an astringent quality, but it becomes tender when cooked and develops a rich, complex flavor. 1934 Polyploidy in Solanum Melongena Linn. This was used by Tournefort as a genus name in 1700, then by Linnaeus as a species name in 1753. These forms also gave rise to the Caribbean English melongene. The result is berenjena of Almagro, Ciudad Real. Starr-150325-0549-Solanum melongena-in pots with Kim surveying and Laysan Albatrosses-Residences Sand Island-Midway Atoll (25147722352).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 5.15 MB Terong kuda.jpg 4,096 × 3,072; 3.01 MB So far, no molecular information is available on the allergy-eliciting components of eggplant. Brinjal belongs to the family Solanaceae and is known under the botanical name Solanum melongena L. The family contains 75 genera and over 2000 species, out of which, about 150-200 are tuber bearing and belong to section Tuberarium. Tasting Korean Fare in Beijing", "Fuss-free stir-fried eggplants, a perfect side dish", "The Happy Home Cook: Rellenong Talong (Stuffed Eggplant)", https://www.vegrecipesofindia.com/vangi-bhaat-recipe/, "How to Grow Eggplant in Cooler Climates", "Growing Eggplant Successfully in Cooler Climates – Garden Mentors", "Fire retardant garden plants for the urban fringe and rural areas", "Eggplant production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Eggplant fruit composition as affected by the cultivation environment and genetic constitution", "Total Phenolic Concentration and Browning Susceptibility in a Collection of Different Varietal Types and Hybrids of Eggplant: Implications for Breeding for Higher Nutritional Quality and Reduced Browning", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eggplant&oldid=993466808, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In Andalusia, eggplant is mostly cooked thinly sliced, deep-fried in olive oil and served hot with honey (berenjenas a la Cordobesa). [57], The browning of eggplant flesh results from the oxidation of polyphenols, such as the most abundant phenolic compound in the fruit, chlorogenic acid.[58]. Address for reprints Because two division planes form at right angles, male meiosis in higher plants provides striking examples of both division control and spatial programming. Chinese cultivars are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber. In tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be sown in the garden. [44] However the most popular eggplant dish is tortang talong, an omelette made from grilling an eggplant, dipping it into beaten eggs, and pan-frying the mixture. Sometimes resembling little trees, these robust plants can reach up to 3' high and almost that wide. With approximately 450 species, spiny Solanum species constitute the largest monophyletic group in the Solanaceae family, but a high-quality genome assembly from this group is presently missing. They can have purple-tinged green leaves, drooping violet 1.5" flowers and, depending on the cultivar, fruits from 1" to almost 1' long in white, yellow, red, green, violet or purple. Semiwild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft 5 in), with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. Modern descendants of this ancient Dravidian word include Malayalam vaṟutina and Tamil vaṟutuṇai. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Similarly, H.C.F. Eggplant is widely used in its native India, for example in sambar (a tamarind lentil stew), dalma (a dal preparation with vegetables, native to Odisha), chutney, curry, and achaar (a pickled dish). (such as Solanum melongena) is a folk herb which is reported to possess anticancer properties. Eggplant or brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) is widely consumed worldwide and thought to trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. Its fruit is eaten as a vegetable. [52], Spacing should be 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in) between plants, depending on cultivar, and 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) between rows, depending on the type of cultivation equipment being used. Raw eggplant is 92% water, 6% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and has negligible fat (table). The aubergine is unrecorded in England until the 16th century. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN) The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species. Translated into English as 'mad-apple', 'rage-apple', or 'raging apple', this name for eggplants is attested from 1578 and the form 'mad-apple' may still be found in Southern American English. The eggplant was sometimes considered a variety violaceum of that species. In the case of the eggplant (Solanum melongena), tamarillo (Solanum betaceum), and pepino (Solanum muricatum) ... Propagation is from seed or from cuttings, or in some cases, by division… How to Plant Potatoes in a Home Garden. Eggplant roots are subject to cold damage and plants seldom recover from cold snaps. [56], The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. Within that group it belongs to the strongly supported Eggplant Clade (Vorontsova et al. The chromosomes of diploid (2x=24) and triploid (3x=36) Solanum Melongena were studied in somatic and meiotic divisions. 2013). 7. Eggplant or brinjal (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia where it is attacked by brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) (Leucinodes orbonalis). Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a stunning plant with beautiful green foliage and large, glossy, colorful fruits. The French name was then borrowed into British English, appearing there first in the late eighteenth century. Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts. Due to its texture and bulk, it is sometimes used as a meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines. Eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm (1 ft 4 in to 4 ft 11 in) tall, with large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in) broad. Solanum ovigerum Dunal Four years should separate successive crops of eggplants to reduce pest pressure. The plant and fruit have a profusion of English names. Many of the pests and diseases that afflict other solanaceous plants, such as tomato, capsicum, and potato, are also troublesome to eggplants. The leaves, stems, and calyx can have small thorns.Genus name appears to come from the Latin word solamen meaning comfort, solace, or soothing in reference to the purported sedative and healing effects obtained from application of the leaves of some genus plants to cuts, wounds, inflammations or skin problems.Specific epithet refers to the melon-shaped fruit. Space plants 18 to 24" apart with 30 to 36" between rows. [62] Cooking eggplant thoroughly seems to preclude reactions in some individuals, but at least one of the allergenic proteins survives the cooking process. Eggplant can be hollowed out and stuffed with meat, rice, or other fillings, and then baked. Homonyms Solanum melongena L. Many eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit. 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