The main contributing factors are the Pacific Ocean and latitude, although the mountain ranges can cause significant climate variations in locations barely tens of kilometres from e… The New Zealand government will put forward a motion to declare a climate emergency next Wednesday; the government said as parliament … “Significant loss of biodiversity is projected to occur by 2020 in some ecologically-rich sites including the Great Barrier Reef and … Snow is more common inland in both main islands, though snow to sea level does occur on average once or twice per year in the central and southern South Island. We use cookies to provide you with a better experience on this site. This is due not only to the latitude of the country but to the fact that most of New Zealand's landmass is relatively close to the sea. Having such a maritime climate means there is an abundance of sunshine and pleasant temperatures for most of … The climate of New Zealand is varied due to the country's diverse landscape. Prime Minister Jacinda … New Zealand joined more than 30 other countries from around the world by taking the symbolic step of declaring a climate emergency. The far north has subtropical weather during summer, while inland alpine areas of the South Island can be as cold as -10°C (14°F) in winter. New Zealand's Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern moves a motion in the Parliament House in Wellington, New Zealand, to declare a climate emergency, Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020. However, on a per capita basis, New Zealand is a significant emitter – the 21st highest contributor in the world and fifth highest within the OECD. The far north has subtropical weather during summer, while inland alpine areas of the South Island can be as cold as -10°C (14°F) in winter. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s government is to declare a climate emergency in a symbolic step to increase pressure for action to combat global warming. Winds were most severe on the following two days, when a gust of 215 km/h was recorded on a Wairarapa farm. Weather in New Zealand can be unpredictable. Temperature variation throughout the day is also relatively small. 4 October 1997: More than 60 homes were flooded and residents in Lower Hutt riverside areas were evacuated during downpours. Temperatures also drop about 0.7 Â°C or 1.3 Â°F for every 100 m of altitude. There were 6 further unconfirmed reports of drowning, bringing the total loss of life directly related to the storm event to between 25 and 31. New Zealand's prime minister Jacinda Ardern has called climate crisis “one of the greatest challenges of our time" as she declared a climate emergency on Wednesday, joining 32 nations including Canada, France and Britain, in laying out long-term plans to reduce emissions. Mean annual temperatures range from 10 Â°C (50 Â°F) in the south to 16 Â°C (61 Â°F) in the north. [2] Rainfall is normally distributed evenly throughout the year in most parts of the country, especially in the South Island. New Zealand received 26 written questions from Parties in advance of the meeting and 8 oral questions. From about 1350 this region was notably warmer but then cooled relatively quickly from 1450. Between 1990 and 2017, New Zealand's gross emissions (excluding removals from land use and forestry) increased by 23.1%. Mild. The two largest cities on the South Island, Christchurch and Dunedin, have mean yearly maxima of 17.3 Â°C (63.1 Â°F) and 14.6 Â°C (58.3 Â°F) and yearly mean minima of 7.3 Â°C (45.1 Â°F) and 7.6 Â°C (45.7 Â°F) respectively. Many rivers breached their banks, bridges were damaged and stock was swept away by floodwaters. [9], 10 January 2002: Thunderstorms over Wellington resulted in torrential rainfall, about 40 mm in 30 minutes, and flash floods in the city centre. [8], 10 April 1968: Cyclone Giselle caused peak gusts of 145 knots (270 km/h) near Wellington, after colliding with an Antarctic storm moving north. New Zealand’s centre-right opposition National Party rejected the climate emergency declaration, labelling it “virtue signalling”. Scientists have just pieced together 150 years of New Zealand climate history, revealing cool spells driven by volcanic eruptions - and the growing handprint of climate change. As New Zealand observes daylight saving, during summer months daylight can last up until 9.30pm. [16][17] In 2014, New Zealand contributed 0.17% to the world's total greenhouse gas emissions. New Zealand has been ranked middle-of-the-pack when it comes to fighting climate change in a new report. The average New Zealand temperature decreases as you travel south. Indications are that temperatures were in the range of 1.5-2.0 degree Celsius lower than present during the New Zealand LIA. Based on descriptions of the storm, particularly that of Captain Marten of the Waiapu, it may have been an extratropical cyclone. Use SPF 30+ sunscreen. Snow typically appears during the months of June through to October, though cold snaps can occur outside these months. It caused the ship Zuleika to run aground near Cape Palliser, with the loss of 12 lives, and severe flooding. Most places in New Zealand receive over 2,000 hours of sunshine a year – around 83 sunny days. [9], 25 July and 14 August 2011 New Zealand snowstorms: The first severe winter storm brought the coldest winter snap in fifteen years. 2 February 1936: The Cyclone of 1936 was the worst storm of the 20th century in New Zealand. The event produced galeforce southerlies, with gusts of 230 km/h in the Tararua Range, and swells of 11m in Cook Strait. The sunlight here can quickly burn skin from September to April, especially between 10am and 4pm, even on cloudy days. How much rain a place receives is highly dependent on topography. Locals like to joke that you can experience four seasons in one day! New Zealand lies in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, 1200 … Wellington: Joining more than 30 countries, New Zealand on Wednesday took the symbolic step of declaring a climate emergency. An example of this is Auckland which has a variation of just 9 Â°C or 16 Â°F between the average mid-winter high temperature (14.7 Â°C or 58.5 Â°F) and average mid-summer high temperature (23.7 Â°C or 74.7 Â°F). The lowest temperature ever recorded was −25.6 Â°C (−14.1 Â°F) at Ranfurly in Otago in 1903, with a more recent temperature of −21.6 Â°C (−6.9 Â°F) recorded in 1995 in nearby Ophir. However, most of the country lies close to the coast, which means mild temperatures year-round. 1–6 February 1868: The Great storm of 1868 was a violent storm that swept across much of New Zealand wrecking 12 ships and causing extensive flooding. Rainfall at Kelburn totalled 69.5 mm between 7.35pm and 9.10pm. and min. The sunniest areas, Bay of Plenty, Hawke's Bay and Nelson/Marlborough, receive over 2,350 hours of sunshine. [3] Air laden with water vapour from the ocean is pushed from the west in response to Earth’s rotation. New Zealand annual average land surface temperature anomaly from 1909 to 2018 with a locally weighted ('Lowess') trend lines. Glacial evidence of climate is matched by evidence of variations in tree ring growth and studies of ice core and ocean sediment samples indicating the types of microorganisms (some flourish in warm temperatures, other in cooler temperatures) and historical carbon dioxide ratios. and min. Data collection for determining the New Zealand climate began in the late 19th century, although European explorers made valid observations of climate indicators such as glaciers and moraines early in that century. The mountain ranges running along the spine of the South Island divide the country into diverse climate regions. The humid westerly wind is forced up over the mountains, at cooler elevation water condenses and falls as snow or rain. While the far north has subtropical weather during summer, and inland alpine areas of the South Island can be as cold as -10 C in winter, most of the country lies close to the coast, which means mild temperatures, moderate rainfall, and abundant sunshine. 20–21 June 2013 New Zealand storm: This extra-tropical system was first felt in the South Island by heavy snowfall on 18 and 19 June. Northern cities such as Auckland, Whangarei, and Tauranga experience mean yearly maxima of between 19–20 Â°C (66–68 Â°F) and mean yearly minima of around 11–12 Â°C (52–54 Â°F). To view cookie details and how to opt-out, please see our Cookie Policy. Reapply every two hours. Two people died, and isolated landslips closed some Wellington roads and parts of State Highway 1. January and February are the warmest months, and July is the coldest month of the year. As with many islands in the world, the influence of the ocean curtails any extremes in coastal temperature. September - November Average daytime temperature: 16 - 19˚C (61 - 66˚F), December - February Average daytime temperature: 20 - 25˚C (68 - 77˚F), March - May Average daytime temperature: 17 - 21˚C (62 - 70˚F), June - August Average daytime temperature: 12 - 16˚C (53 - 61˚F). On 18 October, gusts of 183 km/h were recorded at Castlepoint. Currently: 64 °F. New Zealand's Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern moves a motion in Parliament in Wellington to declare a climate emergency on Wednesday. Milford Sound receives over 6,700 mm of the rainfall a year on average while barely 100 km away Alexandra in Central Otago receives only slightly greater than 300 mm annually, giving it a borderline oceanic/semi-arid climate. Cool nights and warm days are common, which makes for pleasant travel weather. Giselle led to the sinking of the interisland ferry TEV Wahine, and the loss of 53 lives. During August snow fell consistently down to sea level in Wellington for the first time since 1976,[10] and snowflakes even fell for a brief time in Auckland for the first time in 80 years.[10]. The Act enshrines long-term emissions reduction targets, five-year emissions budgets, as well as a number of governance structures and processes to support their … At Clive the flooding caused the loss of a further 12 lives and one person was drowned near Kapiti. This was an opportunity for New Zealand to elaborate and expand on its policy initiatives and domestic climate change policy New Zealand experiences relatively little air pollution compared to many other countries, and less ozone, which makes the UV rays in our sunlight very strong. Over December, January and February, the number of visitors increases, as people arrive from overseas to travel while the weather is warm. The limited historical record suggests that from 1450 the population of New Zealand underwent significant cultural change which may have links to climate cooling and dramatic changes in food supplies. “It can do harm in making people think that by declaring an emergency something has happened, when it hasn’t,” National leader Judith Collins told Radio New Zealand. Central Otago and inland Canterbury's Mackenzie Basin have the closest New Zealand has to continental climates, being generally drier (due in part to föhn winds) and less directly modified by the ocean. The average New Zealand temperature … As well as producing areas of stunning native forest, the high rainfall makes New Zealand an ideal place for farming and horticulture. temperatures in °C, Average max. Summer and autumn maxima can be found in places closer to the southwest, such as Invercargill and Milford Sound. Winter in New Zealand is the best time to visit if you’re enthusiastic about snow sports. Rangiora in Canterbury holds the record maximum of 42.4 Â°C recorded in 1973, with Christchurch recording 41.6 Â°C in that same year. Scientific study of early New Zealand climate is quite recent and ongoing. As autumn is also the shoulder season, you can enjoy better rates on accommodation and activities. The exception to this is inland areas and to the east of the ranges with daily variations that can be over 25 Â°C and differences of up to 14 Â°C between the average summer and winter high temperatures. In summer, it rarely gets hot, and in winter, it rarely … Cape Campbell Aws is 21 miles from New Zealand, so the actual climate in … New Zealand enjoys a moderate climate, without extremes of hot or cold. [9], 14–16 February 2004: The Valentine's Day storms left hundreds of people homeless, and silt and floodwaters inundated considerable areas of farmland. Joining more than 30 countries, New Zealand on Wednesday took the symbolic step of declaring a climate emergency. Total damage caused by the storm was estimated at $14 million. More than 350 mm of rain fell in 24 hours.[9]. Eastern parts of the South Island are highly susceptible to the norwester, a Fohn wind which can result in temperatures going into the high 30s and even the low 40s. More recently, Timaru reached 41.3 Â°C on Waitangi Day in 2011. The key facts to emerge are that New Zealand did experience a noticeable cooler climate, but at a slightly later date than in the Northern Hemisphere. The average recurrence interval of this rainfall event was estimated at more than 100 years. Temperatures are taken from seven climate stations throughout the country and combined into an … New Zealand’s climate varies wildly. Since 2000 various scientific investigations looked at the behaviour of glaciers in relation to climate and found they were excellent indicators of temperatures, especially in summer. They are higher in northern, eastern and interior part of the country; Hastings is the warmest city on average with 25.5 Â°C followed by Gisborne with 24.9 Â°C and Napier with 24.5 Â°C. Daily maximum temperatures are normally in the mid to low 20s (°C) over most of the country. With a light dusting of snow, Queenstown and the Central Plateau are transformed into winter wonderlands. It also falls heavily in inland Canterbury and Otago. Check out what other travelers say about New Zealand on TripAdvisor. The South Island is a bit cooler, with maximum temperatures around 7–12 Â°C (45–54 Â°F), though sometimes lower. [9], 13–27 October 1998: Gale force northwesterlies blew throughout the lower North Island. The greater temperature ranges are found in the interior of the Canterbury and Otago regions, and especially Central Otago. It is extremely rare at sea level in the North Island. You can check on New Zealand weather conditions on the Met Service website(opens in new window). Annual Weather Averages in Cape Campbell Aws. New Zealand's climate is complex and varies from warm subtropical in the far north to cool temperate climates in the far south, with severe alpine conditions in the mountainous areas. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern's government is to declare a climate emergency in a symbolic step to increase pressure for action to combat global warming. Schools were cancelled during the shortest day (21 June), due to massive damage. Generally there are relatively small variations between summer and winter temperatures. Keep browsing if you're happy with this. Conditions vary from extremely wet on the West Coast of the South Island to almost semi-arid in Central Otago and subtropical in Northland.[1]. The storm is currently thought to have been an extratropical cyclone. Ardern said the science on climate change was clear and New Zealand had to acknowledge the threat. Source: NIWA. About 40 lives were known lost and at the time an estimated £500,000 to £1 million worth of damage was caused. If you want to ski or snowboard your way down the slopes of the Southern Alps, the best month to visit New Zealand is either July or August. Due to these winds, the cooler South Island cities such as Dunedin and Christchurch have higher all-time record temperatures than places further north such as Wellington, Auckland and Whangarei. The Southern Alps, the North Island Volcanic Plateau and surrounding ranges can produce large variation in rainfalls in places barely tens of kilometres apart. It has settled some of the debate regarding links between the Little Ice Age (LIA) in the Northern Hemisphere and the climate in New Zealand at the same time. [14] The onset of cooler climate was about 1450 and lasted until 1850. 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