The submarine volcanoes also lead to the formation of lakes of molten sulphur that is mostly present on the seafloor. Sulfur, nonmetallic chemical element, one of the most reactive of the elements. In free state sulphur is found in large amount in the form of sulphur beds under the earth. It is present in the human body equal in abundance to potassium. It is represented by symbol S. it is placed in group 16 of the periodic table. (iv) Hydrogen can be used as a fuel that will be a non polluting option for fuel. Beryllium is a hard, grayish metal naturally found in mineral rocks, coal, soil, and volcanic dust. Shiny metals such as copper, silver, and gold are often used for decorative arts, jewelry, and coins. Sulphur has 36 isotopes in which only four are stable, that is 32S, 33S, 34S, and 36S. In previous times, the primary source of sulphur was Sicily. 6. Many pharmaceutical products contain organosulfur compounds. Elemental sulfur is generally obtained near the volcanic regions as well as hot springs. Alkali Metals. Privacy Policy Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The above image shows the detailed electronic configuration chart of sulfur. (iii) Graphite is used in making lead of pencils. ⏺Sulphur :- Non-metals used in crackers. Identify the most reactive and least reactive metal amongst the followings : Al, K, Cu, Au. B. Sulphur. The examples of non-metals are sulphur, carbon, oxygen, phosphorus, etc. Sulphur is used in the manufacture of carbon disulphate, sodium thiosulphate, gun powder, matches and in fireworks. 4. Non-metals are those which lack all the metallic attributes. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. toppr. The density of the sulfur element is around 2g/cm. 3)Chlorine is used in the water purification process.It has the ability to kill germs ,so chlorine makes the drinking water supply germ free. It is a multivalent non-metal, tasteless, odourless and abundant. 4)Iodine is used to make purple coloured solution called tincture of iodine which is applied on cuts and wounds as an antiseptic. 5. Knowing which ones are or are not will help us to group them correctly. D. None of the above. S8 or octa-sulfur is one of the most popular molecules of sulfur. ⏺Iodine :- Non-metal used in the Purple coloured solution which is applied on wounds as an antiseptic. Non-metallic oxides are acidic in nature because they react with water to give certain acides. The Jupiter moon lo has distinctive colours due to the presence of a sulfur element in several ways in a molten, gaseous and solid-state. Graphite is used in pencils, in zinc-carbon batteries, and in brake linings. Scientists also used it to obtain sulfur trioxide. The five important uses of non metals are: (i) Sulphur is used in vulcanization of rubber, which makes rubber sufficiently hard to produce tyres. The main use of sulphur is in the preparation of SO2 which is used in the manufacture of sulphuric acid. Sulfur is multivalent and combines, with valence 2, 4, or 6, with almost all other elements. It is a soft solid that is odourless and has a bright yellow colour. The atomic number of sulfur is 16. Uses of non-metals – oxygen is used by plants and animals for their survival, nitrogen is used by plants for their growth, chlorine is used in water purification to kill germs, sulphur is used for making sulphuric acid, tincture iodine has antiseptic properties. These properties of sulphur allow it to form chain structures as well as a ring system like the carbon. Sulphur has 36 isotopes in which only four are stable, that is, S. The radioactive isotopes of this element have a small half-life of around less than 3 hours. Sulphur contains a few disadvantages when the content is higher than 0.05%. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. During the removal of sulfur from petroleum, a large amount of hydrogen sulfide is obtained. Sulfur is a chemical element that is placed in the group 16 of the periodic table. Occurrence of Sulphur. Oxygen and sulfur also combine to form various compounds. The density of the sulfur element is around 2g/cm3, which may be lower or higher depending on the allotrope. A person who has 70 Kg weight contains around 140gms of S. In different plants and animals, most of the sulphur is present in the form of amino acids. The burning of sulfur produces a blue flame and an irritating odour due to the formation of sulfur dioxide. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is one of the most familiar compounds of the sulfur. What are the physical properties of Sulphur? 1. It is also present in many types of meteorites in the form of sulfide. The non recovered S easily ignites in air to form sulphur dioxide (SO2), a noxious gas with a strong, pungent objectionable odour. In its native form sulphur is a yellow crystalline solid. In hydrologic studies, enriched sulphur is used as a tracer. (ii) Phosphorus is used in making phosphatic fertilizers. 5)Sulphur and phosphorus which are used in fireworks. USES OF NON-METALS. During the removal of sulfur from petroleum, a large amount of hydrogen sulfide is obtained. It is naturally present in the form of vapours in mineral water and volcanoes. Sulphur is used in ointments for curing skin diseases. ⏺Nitrogen:- Non-metals used in fertilizer to enhance the growth of plants. Earlier, the commercial production took place by the fossil-based sulfur deposits from gypsum in salt domes. Sulphur is used to treat scabies and also the bacterial infection of the skin. As stated in the introduction, most elements are metals or, at least, can be considered as such. 2)Liquid hydrogen is used as rocket fuel. Sulphur is a non metal having atomic number 16. The first ionization energy of this element is 999.6KJ/mol, and the second is 2252KJ/mol. Alchemical symbols, originally devised as part of alchemy, were used to denote some elements and some compounds until the 18th century.Although notation like this was mostly standardized, style and symbol varied between alchemists, so this page lists the most common. The most common form is yellow, orthorhombic alpha-sulfur, which contains puckered rings of S 8. Sulfur, like the other non-metal elements, has no luster. Sulfur is abundant in original form and it is very essential. 5. Dusting sulfur (sulfur in powdered form) is a common pesticide in organic farming. The odour of the rotting eggs is due to the formation of hydrogen sulphide. Metals like sodium and potassium are soft and can be cut with a knife. Upvote(1) How satisfied are you with … All the stable allotropes of sulfur don’t allow the electricity to pass through them. Non-metals are not ductile, that is, they cannot be drawn into wires. Sulphur is used in the manufacture of compounds like sulphuric acid and sulphates and in the production of matches, dyes, and gunpowder. Sulfur compounds have many unusual features as they can exhibit catenation similar to carbon. 3. Pro Lite, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. Historically, people called it brimstone which means burning stone. Pro Lite, Vedantu 6)Sulphur is used in the vulcanisation of rubber. 3)Carbon is used in the manufacture of electrolytic cell and dry cell. Some they are even solid at room temperatures like Carbon, sulfurand phosphorus. Researchers use sulphur with distinctive isotopic composition to identify sources of pollution. Many valuable metal ores like galena, blende, and gypsum are the compounds of sulfur. The most known oxide of sulfur is sulfur dioxide which is a poisonous and colourless gas. The creation of 32S takes place in the massive stars where the temperature is more than 2.5 X 109K. Sulfur exists in several crystalline and amorphous allotropes. The non-metal and oxygen gas (O 2) are the reactants in this type of reaction, and a non-metal oxide is the product. 1. Every living cell contains sulphur as an essential component. It is applied topically in the prescribed amount and manner for the best results. C. When this molecule resides between its melting and boiling temperature, it polymerizes which lead to increased viscosity but a lower density. Sulphur is used as fungicide and insecticide in agriculture and as a disinfectant in medicines. At higher temperatures, the depolymerization occurs, which leads to decreased viscosity. 3. All the stable allotropes of sulfur don’t allow the electricity to pass through them. Non-metal like Sulphur is useful in crackers. This process of heating of natural rubber with sulphur is known as vulcanization. Isotopes of sulphur have various medical applications too. 2. Pure sulfur is a tasteless, odorless, brittle solid that is pale yellow in color, a poor conductor of electricity, and insoluble in water. The radioactive isotopes of this element have a small half-life of around less than 3 hours. It is also a component in many agrochemicals and dyestuff. Sulphur. Sulfur or sulphur can form various polyatomic molecules. Answer. Many non-metals like chlorine, Sulphur, iodine are very useful for medicinal purposes. 34S is used for the production of medical radioisotope 34Cl, which has many medical applications. Mercury is the only metal which is found in liquid state at room temperature. 3. Sulphur is used on vulcanization of rubber. 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