Obstetricians and gynecologists (OB/GYNs) provide care related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the female reproductive system. Physicians and surgeons may travel between their offices and hospitals to care for their patients. Physicians and surgeons may travel between their offices and hospitals to care for their patients. They diagnose and treat mental illnesses through a combination of personal counseling (psychotherapy), psychoanalysis, hospitalization, and medication. Surgeons may spend a great deal of time bending over patients during surgery. Some physicians may choose to work in fields that do not involve patient care, such as medical research or public policy. Patients who are sick or injured may be in extreme pain or distress. They need to do this quickly if a patient’s life is threatened. The growing and aging population is expected to drive overall growth in the demand for physician services. They work mostly with adult patients. (Medical Doctor) and D.O. Students spend most of the first 2 years of medical school in laboratories and classrooms, taking courses such as anatomy, biochemistry, pharmacology, psychology, medical ethics, and in the laws governing medicine. Psychotherapy involves regular discussions with patients about their problems. Usually, they work in clinics or specialty hospitals. Psychiatrists are primary mental health physicians. During their last 2 years, medical students work with patients under the supervision of experienced physicians in hospitals and clinics. Dexterity. All states require physicians and surgeons to be licensed; requirements vary by state. Most applicants to medical school have at least a bachelor's degree, and many have advanced degrees. Medical schools are highly competitive. They treat and counsel women throughout their pregnancy and deliver babies. Patience. All states require physicians and surgeons to be licensed; requirements vary by state. This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of physicians and surgeons. According to the BLS, cardiac surgeons' specialized expertise will be in continued demand, and jobs for surgeons are projected to decrease by 2% from 2019 to 2029. These conditions include sinus and respiratory infections to broken bones. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons and orthodontists had the highest wages: They made at least $208,000, the highest median annual wage published by the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics program. Surgeons treat injuries, diseases, and deformities through operations. Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. 877.275.6462.  www.mgma.com. An April 30, 2015, analysis posted by the American College of Cardiology states that the United States could run 1,500 short of needed cardiothoracic surgeons by 2020. As the older population grows and rates of chronic illnesses increase, consumers will seek high levels of care that use the latest technologies, diagnostic tests, and therapies. make sure you're on a federal government site. The .gov means it's official. The psychiatrist helps them find solutions through changes in their behavioral patterns, explorations of their past experiences, or group and family therapy sessions. Communication skills. Compassion. Like other physicians, surgeons examine patients, perform and interpret diagnostic tests, and counsel patients on preventive healthcare. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Physicians and Surgeons, Obstetricians and gynecologists (OB/GYNs) provide care related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the female reproductive system. They must communicate effectively with their patients and other healthcare support staff. Overall employment of physicians and surgeons is projected to grow 15 percent from 2016 to 2026, much faster than the average for all occupations. Physicians examine patients; take medical histories; prescribe medications; and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. An official website of the United States government (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine). Demand for physicians’ services is sensitive to changes in healthcare reimbursement policies. Please enable javascript to play this video. Certification is not required for physicians and surgeons; however, it may increase their employment opportunities. Revised annually, the latest version contains employment projections for the 2019-29 decade. Pay for pediatric surgeons normally runs higher among private practitioners than those in the public sector. Although no specific major is required, students usually complete undergraduate work in biology, chemistry, physics, math, and English. Communication skills. Through rotations in internal medicine, family practice, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry, and surgery, they gain experience in diagnosing and treating illnesses in a variety of areas. Anesthesiologists work with other physicians and surgeons to decide on treatments and procedures before, during, and after surgery. Patients must receive appropriate treatment and medications. Salaries and Outlook. Chiropractors treat patients with health problems of the neuromusculoskeletal system, which includes nerves, bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. In general, doctors entering practice between now and 2020 should enjoy strong employment prospects. A residency usually takes place in a hospital and varies in duration, generally lasting from 3 to 7 years, depending on the specialty. There are two types of physicians, with similar degrees: M.D. Patients must receive appropriate treatment and medications. Others worked in hospitals, in academia, or for the government. 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