the habitat has been greatly affected by human activities such as agriculture, fire, charcoal burning, and wood clearance. : Soil Conservation Research Programme (SCRP ... Country:ET. Different and the same crops grow in these agro-ecologies (not specific) 4. Vol. It is landlocked. The subsistence farming and high population density of 100-400 people per square kilometer have made this ecosystem to be in a critical conservation status. Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnic based regions plus the capital, Addis Ababa and the city administration of Dire Dawa. 23, No. It is the most arable land in Ethiopia and hence very populated. h�bbd``b`�Y@�q3�`��� �P ��H�?g`bd�R�����ϐ� � ^�� It is biologically rich and has endemic species such as Walia ibex (Capra walie) and the endangered mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni). For example, pastoralists are not allowed to cut trees, which are considered to be of very high value, but instead feed their livestock on other available resources such as bush and grass. Outputs of core applications include maps showing agro-ecological zones and land suitability, and quantitative estimates on potential crop areas, yields and production. Ethiopia is the second-most populous country in Africa, with over 100 million2 residents. The country has a wide range of agro-ecological zones reflecting the wide variation in rainfall (both quantity and distribution) temperature, altitude, topography and soils. The Mann Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimator were used to examine the trends and slope of changes in climate indices. Roads (11.6m zip file). ecological and socio-economic resilience, including by creating new market opportunities. hޔT�n�8��Ő/Pȥ��ۅ�6E�m��%�$�I��C:I�n��>���\G�� Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Here are the major ecological regions of Ethiopia. Ethiopia’s elevation ranges from 110m below sea level to over 5,000m above sea level and it has more than 30 agro-ecological zones, making it one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. Classified by topography and thermal and moisture regimes (from over 20 year (1974 to 1993) ground data on major rain-fed agricultural crops), Ethiopia has six agro-ecological zones: Unsuitable Wurch, Wurch, Dega, Woina Dega, Upper Kola and Lower Kola []. has been cited by the following article: Article. It is a landlocked country, with a total land mass of 1.1 million km2. As coffee is a commercial crop, it became one of the best sources of foreign currency and the people in Sidama became very interested in large scale coffee production. Points of Interest (110k zip file). 4, no .1, pp. Publication date 2001 Map Data Scale 1:2,000,000. Note Includes agroecological zones, research centers, regional boundaries, and transportation network. The tall elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is also common in this wooded savanna ecosystem. �{�e;? Such information provides the basis for advanced applications such as land degradation assessment, livestock productivity modelling, population support capacity assessment and land-use optimization modelling. Agro-ecological zones map of Eritrea. The montane forest ecosystem is made up of high forests of the country mainly found in the southwest forest areas and the humid forest of the southeastern plateau (Herrena forest).These forests are the wettest and most humid. The average monthly temperatures vary from 30° to 33°C and the lowest temperatures at 18°C and 21°C. your own Pins on Pinterest Ethiopia. Waterways (2.8m zip file). ... Map of the study area. This forest ecosystem is also distinguished by the growing epiphytes such as Canarina, Orchids and fern plants. Global Agro-ecological Zones I I A S A International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis GAEZ ver 3.0 Global Agro-ecological Zones Model Documentation D o c u m e n t a t i o n Methods Description of … Natural Features (700k zip file). ) Comparative reproductive performance evaluation of Holstein Friesian cattle breeds in two different agro ecological conditions, Oromia region, Ethiopia Volume 58 Destaw Worku (a1) , Kefyalew Alemayehu (a2) and Mussie H/Melekote (a2) As a result, intact vegetation is fragmented and far spaced in the woodland/grass complex. Ethiopia > Maps. Railways (50k zip file). The three villages in this study are situated directly within the agro-ecological landscape and the vast majority (>90%) of the population of each village lives in households engaged in subsistence agriculture of mixed crop and livestock farming systems. 356 0 obj <> endobj The local communities and pastoralists come up with regulations aimed at efficient and sustainable use of resources. Genre Maps. Studies of agro-ecological based watershed–specific LULC changes are vital for better land use planning and land resource management to control land degradation. Other ecological systems include Sahelian Acacia savanna, Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic, Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands and Ethiopian montane moorlands. Description of the study area. MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development). Vertical occurrence of major agricultural rainfed crops (left) and resulting Agro- ecological Belts (AB, right side) representing MAZ of Ethiopia.....16 Figure 7. h�b```"[f�7B cB� �!�!�.%���`vḂ�″���,썌 =,����c^�;�'x���h���M0�`�ϼ��[7V݃&�=b �� >�| �I�ᤃ� This map was compiled from the following main sources imagery interpretation of 71 frames of landsat sattelite imagery (mainly covering the period 1973 to 1976) , field traverses, existing publications, reports and maps concerning Ethiopia, and agro-climatic information generated by the “Assistance to Land use Planning project” ETH/78/003. Importantly affected by altitude, Ethiopia’s climate is mainly of the tropical monsoon type with wide topography-induced variation. It borders Djibouti and Somalia to the east. Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the horn of Africa. "September 2000"--Cover. Biogas Production Using Geomembrane Plastic Digesters as Alternative Rural Energy Source and Soil Fertility Management. endstream endobj startxref Livestock Research for Rural Development. Agro ecological zones (AEZs) have greatest influence on crop growth due to variabilities of weather and soil conditions (FAO, 1978). The study aims to assess trends in extremes of surface temperature and precipitation through the application of the World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI) on datasets representing three agroecological zones in Southern Ethiopia. These ecoregions face a major threat from human interference in form of agriculture, poaching, and human encroachment. Each layer is occupied by different characteristic species such as emergent trees of Pouteria adolfi–friederici and Afrocarpus falcatus in the upper canopy. This leaves the Bale National Park region as the only place in this ecoregion that has intact vegetation types. Northern Sheet. It borders Djibouti and Somalia to the east. This has in turn affected the population of larger mammal species such as elephant (Loxodonta Africana), the wild dog, leopard, and cheetah. By Andrew Mwaniki on April 25 2017 in Environment. 364 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6517715473D5C64AA22F37E5A4D386DC>]/Index[356 17]/Info 355 0 R/Length 59/Prev 869045/Root 357 0 R/Size 373/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Agricultural ecology > Ethiopia > Maps. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiopia has extremely variable agro-climatic conditions and major ecological systems that are suitable for diverse genetic resources. MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development).1998-2011. Classifications Library of Congress S473.E8 A43 2000 The Physical Object Pagination iii, 129 p. ; … Nonparametric Sen’s slope estimator and Mann–Kendall’s trend tests are used to detect the magnitude and statistical significance of changes in … According to the study made by Getahun (1978) and Constable (1985), three broad major agro-ecological zones are identified on the highland zones of Ethiopia (Table 1). 0 Publisher: Addis Abeba. The main threat is posed by human activities in the form of pastoral grazing, coffee and tea plantations and timber extraction. in Addis Ababa. The study area lies between 8°00’ to 10°00’ N and 36°00’ to 37°50’E and the elevation range from 1200 m to 3200 m (Figure 1).The east Wollega zone stratified into three agro ecological zones based on agroclimatic conditions namely: low land 56.4% (1200-1799 m), mid land 28.2% (1800 -2450 m), and high land 15.4% (2460-3178 m) []. ��w����C�_�?��v=��:�����C�� B���lk�h�r�k}\�G|�-�fSso��7>�3f�`��r{/B;�o��p�Oh�0�G�;|���|Շz�Nn��ߟ/�`H�����z�6W�,p����R�4�j�����ev�)t��/�k���2?E�|�7l��l~2yq�m�b^��t�wc���A�j����a ��x5����1l>�y�q����q;v=�����. Gebrehiwot B and Maryo M 2015, ‘Evaluation of land use patterns across agro-ecological and slope classes using gis and remote sensing: The Case of Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia’, International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS, vol. ?q��c��[a��e���".��D�i5�&jf Bringing ecological principles to bear can suggest new management approaches in agroecosystems.The term is often used imprecisely, as the term can be used as a science, a movement, or an agricultural practice. of each adaptation method used by each farmer located at each agro-ecological zone. The indices are applied to daily temperature and precipitation data. The original species continue to reduce and intact vegetation is hard to find. sndegr:14 13 12 11 10 09 08. wedegr:43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35. Overview of the composition of three sheets of the agroecological map of Ethiopia.....15 Figure 6. IIASA/FAO, 2010. M�V��)�>s�P$3Q3s�̙3fB �[[� C[��9P��!$�6��$*x�4s���� t� �L��,Nʿ��ȱ,W��[d�����e�-�Ҝ�+���������'@� Qt7 For example, crop and animal diversity reduces the risk of failure in the face of climate change. factors to analyze the impact of climate change on Ethiopian agriculture. Create a map using this layer. However, along the Blue Nile River and its affluent valleys lies the warmer Kolla belt. (FAO 1996).The essential elements in defining an agro-ecological zone are the growing period, temperature regime and soil mapping unit. Source. Six traditional or 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones exist in Ethiopia 3. The forest is stratified into four different layers known as the upper canopy, sub-canopy, shrub layer and the ground layer. This ecosystem is an important source of timber, non-forest timber products, fuelwood, household materials, pasture and agricultural use. In lower right corner, "Prepared by the NRMRD, MoA. It is bounded by Sudan to the west, Eritrea to the north and Kenya to the south. Mixed grazing by different species of ruminants reduces health risks from parasitism, while diverse local species Agro ecological zones of Ethiopia This edition published in 2000 by The Dept. %%EOF Information on agro-ecological distribution of crops is important in controlling and regulating the distribution of external inputs 6. Using gridded daily temperature and rainfall data covering 30 years (1988–2017), this study investigates trends in rainfall, temperature, and extreme events in three agro-ecological settings in central Ethiopia. Forestry, Land Use and Soil Conservation Department. Map 1 shows Ethiopia with its administrative regions and zones. Prior to my arrival, a group of researchers from METU University conducted a study on the socioeconomic characteristics, wildlife and flora of the forest. �v^�R��*EY�J��P�4T�P���f>�I1ì���_�sX�M��b��il�!>���r��.�p�p��0l�E@�W8� This study, therefore, seeks to analyze the determinants of choices of adaptation strate-gies to climate change by sheep and goat farmers in the Southern and Central Tigray Zones, North Ethiopia. ���:�X�A��x�k�е���� All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands, Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands, Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands, Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets, Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets. Ethiopia..... 15 Figure 6 Eritrea to the south as Canarina, Orchids and fern plants,... 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