The name Abigail means “cause of joy.” The Scriptures don’t say why Abigail—a beautiful, joyful woman—would marry a foolish brute like Nabal. Abigail's name means 'father rejoices' whereas Nabal means 'fool' (1 Samuel 25:2-3, 25). She prepared a …  Her name is spelled Abigal in 2 Samuel 17:25 in the American Standard Version. 25:2).In return for “protecting” Nabal’s property, David requested a gift of provisions. Jon Levenson calls this an "undeniable adumbration" of Nathan's prophecy in 2 Samuel 7. 1. Derived from the Hebrew word ab, "father", and the Hebrew root g-y-l, "to rejoice," the name Abigail has a variety of possible meanings including "my father's joy" and "source of joy". 25:37-38), and God protected her. without becoming difficult yourself! Go to People in the Bible or Women in the Bible The passage in 1 Samuel 25 makes it clear he also married Ahinoam, and married others along the way. Now her Nevertheless, as stated in the Bible Study Tools article linked above, God “resets the clock” in the New Testament and Jesus’ teachings on marriage clearly show that God desires a marriage union between one man and one woman (Matthew 19). Poor Abigail–the Bible calls her beautiful and intelligent, her actions show that she had wisdom, discernment and a gracious heart, but she ended up with a loser like Nabal! According to tradition, Abigail's family was always feuding. So Abigail collected 200 loaves of bread, two bottles of wine, five butchered and prepared sheep, a bushel of roasted grain, 100 bunches of raisins, 200 dry fig cakes, and she loaded them onto donkeys. In one, the wife prevents David from murdering her foolish and greedy husband. If we take one look at what happens to David’s sons, we can get a good idea of the dissolving family dynamic the Davidic dynasty had. But modern women usually choose their own husband. Four times in this one account we find the same verb, “to hasten,” used regarding this woman. Abigail marries David and travels with him and his men until David is established as king over Judah (2 Sam. Formerly the wife of Nabal of Carmel, and afterwards of David. It was customary at shee… Abigail is the wife of Nabal the Calebite from Carmel and later becomes the second wife of David. We do know that David had lost his wife Michal before this to childbirth. Abigail (Heb. But does David show the exception to polygamy? Her husband is just the opposite: mean and churlish. Abigail. Scripture makes it clear that by the time of Malachi God shows he desires a monogamous union.  In terms of her moral character, Abraham Kuyper argues that Abigail's conduct indicates "a most appealing character and unwavering faith," but Alice Bach regards her as subversive. Abigail - Women of the Bible. , Adele Berlin contrasts the story of Abigail with that of Bathsheba. No longer a child, not yet a woman, Abigail—compassionate, caring, committed, a friend of friends. The Bible doesn’t say whether she prayed about the situation, but in verses 26-31 Abigail refers to the LORD at least seven times. Abigail dealt with her unhappy marriage by conducting herself with respect, avoiding confrontation with her husband, and speaking persuasively. David led the pursuit, and they were subsequently rescued. Apart from the 1 Samuel passage above, we don’t find much about Abigail except a listing in Chronicles 3:1. Anthony Trollope makes two references to the abigail (all lower case) in The Eustace Diamonds, at the beginning of Chapter 42, whilst Thomas Mann makes the same reference at the start of the second chapter of Part 2 in Buddenbrooks (published in 1901). Abigail, in the Old Testament, the wife of Nabal of southern Judah, on whose death she became one of the first wives of David (1 Samuel 25) and the mother of his son Chileab. Instead, Nabal, Abigail’s then-husband, hurls insults at David. Abigail didn’t leave Nabal; she didn’t even let David kill him. This commentary describes this as, “David was carried away by the corrupt custom of those times.”. And this article describes her as a woman of “beauty and brains.” David is, of course, taken by her good looks, but she advises him not to take rash actions, even after he vowed to kill Nabal and Nabal’s family after Nabal insults him. She is described as intelligent and beautiful while Nabal was rich, mean and surly in his dealings. Abigail is described as intelligent and beautiful. She became the mother of one of David's sons, who is listed in the Book of Chronicles under the name Daniel, in the Masoretic Text of the Books of Samuel as Chileab, and in the Septuagint text of 2 Samuel 3:3 as Δαλουια, Dalouia. , After Abigail reveals to Nabal what she has done, "God struck Nabal and he died," (v.38), after which David married her. She sent a bounty of supplies to David’s camp without Nabal’s knowledge (verses 18–19). But wait a minute, hadn’t David already married other women such as Michal and Ahinoam? Patriarchs also appear to have multiple concubines in addition to their wives. Find out more about her at her website. What a match! The main story of Abigail is found in 1 Samuel 25. (1) ABIGAIL wife of Nabal the Carmelite (see Carmel) and later of David.Abigail is described as both beautiful and sagacious (I Sam. Abigail was David's second wife, after Saul's daughter, Michal, whom Saul later married to Palti, son of Laish when David went into hiding, and Ahinoam. But this doesn’t mean he didn’t marry other women in addition to Abigail. Abigail combined her wisdom with her wealth to appear before an approaching enemy to plead for… Abigail was also honest with her husband (1 Sam. Photo Credit: ©iStock/Getty Images Plus/SIphotography. Abigail stands out for a number of reasons. David proceeds to ask Abigail to be his wife. Don’t let fear hold you back – move forward in God’s courage and wisdom. Both wives then settle with David in Hebron, where Abigail gives birth to David's second son, Chileab (also called Daniel). This seems to indicate she had some prophetic giftings of some sort. Or why did God allow him to do it? What Did God Mean When He Said 'Behold I Am Doing a New Thing' in Isaiah 43:19? California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Absolutely amazing. The passage confirms this when she predicts David will be king over Israel. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. For more information on the name "Abigail", see, "my father's joy", "my father rejoices", "my father is joy" (or similar); from either the verbal root, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abigail&oldid=993723303, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 03:38. , In 1 Samuel 25, Nabal demonstrates ingratitude towards David, the son of Jesse (from the tribe of Judah), and Abigail attempts to placate David, in order to stop the future King from taking revenge. And what else do we know about Abigail? Abigail (Hebrew: אֲבִיגַיִל, avigáyil, ’ǎḇîḡayil) was the wife of Nabal; she became a wife of the future King David after Nabal's death (1 Samuel 25). . But her character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and diplomatic. If two become one, it complicates things when you add additional wives or husbands to that formula. 15 Abigail thought and acted quickly. We don’t get to hear about too many female figures in the Bible, and although we may have heard the name “Abigail” widely used in today’s vernacular, we may not know much about Abigail’s story in the Bible.  Jonathan Swift and Henry Fielding use Abigail in this generic sense, as does Charlotte Brontë. Hope Bolinger is a literary agent at C.Y.L.E. As the wife of the wealthy Nabal, she is also a woman of high socioeconomic status. All to say, we don’t know if Abigail approved of David’s taking on multiple wives. She has good sense, and she keeps David from doing a bad thing. The second of five precious children, song of her father’s heart, light of her mother’s soul. , Abigail is also listed as one of the seven Jewish women prophets, the other six being Miriam, Deborah, Hannah, Sarah, Huldah,and Esther. Abigail's father was Zeruiah Nahash. All rights reserved. The story of Abigail in the Bible is an interesting one for many reasons. She was an intelligent and beautiful woman, but her husband was surly and mean in his dealings—he was a Calebite. And in a few of those instances, we see her deep faith in God’s purpose and plans for David, and so she reminded him of God’s hand in his life. See how the empowerment of the Holy Spirit can help you deal with difficult people . While David and his men are encamped near Jezreel, the women are captured by Amalekites who raided the town of Ziglak and carried off the women and children. She is the embodiment of Matthew 10:16. "In the Abigail story, David, the potential king, is seen as increasingly strong and virtuous, whereas in the Bathsheba story, the reigning monarch shows his flaws ever more overtly and begins to lose control of his family. In the Chronicles verse, we learn that she has a son named Daniel (not the one taken into captivity by the Babylonians). ", Levenson and Halpern suggest that Abigail may, in fact, also be the same person as Abigail, mother of Amasa.  George MacDonald Fraser makes mention of "an abigail fussing about the room" in his novel Flashman from The Flashman Papers series.  Abigail was David's second wife, after Saul and Ahinoam's daughter, Michal, whom Saul later married to Palti, son of Laish when David went into hiding. Abigail L. 14. The wife of a rich man when she met David, Abigail possessed beauty, intelligence, political shrewdness, and material wealth that helped David at a critical moment when he could have thrown away his chance at success. As a woman of beauty and brains, she counsels David, prophesies his kingship, and becomes one of his wives who is actually named. King David had a complicated family life with multiple wives and many children. 6 Adele Berlin, “Abigail: Bible” Her character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and diplomatic. As a woman of limited options and say, she may have gone with it or not realized the cultural tacit ate away at not only her marriage but their family. Next person in the Bible: Abigail, wife of King David. She is also the co-author of the Dear Hero duology, which was published by INtense Publications. Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2020, Christianity.com. Every time a new girl came into her class whom no one would accept, Abigail made the unwanted girl wanted in … We also do have to keep in mind that during the Old Testament times, women were seen more as property than humans [cultural views, not God’s] and that marriage would give them security, as we see from this article. By her quick wisdom and generosity she not only saved her entire family from death, but was miraculously delivered from an evil husband, and given a Godly husband in his place. Her character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and diplomatic. and a graduate of Taylor University's professional writing program. So, does Scripture allow polygamy? William Rose Benet notes the notoriety of Abigail Hill, better known as "Mrs Masham", a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne. Abigail stands out for a number of reasons. Whether David married her because he was attracted to her, or as an astute political move, or both is unclear. “Abigail lost no time…” (1 … She probably had every creature comfort anyone could ask for. I love Abigail's story no matter who's telling it, but Ann Burton's version is incredible. It's too bad the Bible doesn't say how such a wise, courageous and gifted woman like Abigail ended up married to the likes of evil Laban. The Bible commends Abigail for her actions. Who was Abigail in the Bible? Like several women in the Old Testament, Abigail is described as beautiful. Perhaps that is why Abigail raised no objections to the fact that David had eight wives in all. We should also note that the examples of families with multiple spouses always seem to have massive drama or tragedy.  Richard M. Davidson, however, points out that "on the basis of the final form of Old Testament canon, references to Abigail in the biblical accounts indicate two different individuals.". 25:41-42). If men were allowed to take multiple wives, they could satisfy various desires without divorce. Abigail married Jether, who also was known as Ithra. If men were intent on objectifying and abusing women, God determined to put a few safety measures in place. We also learn she hails from the land of Carmel, a land otherwise known as “God’s vineyard.” This means she would’ve come from a decent amount of wealth. 1 Tamar Kadari, “Abigail: Midrash and Aggadah” jwa.org. Did Paul Teach That 'Money Is the Root of All Evil'? Nabal dies at the hands of the Lord a few days later, and David marries Abigail. Abigail, Nabal, and David Abigail is an interesting woman who we meet in 1 Samuel chapter 25. This caused her to run away from home to settle on Inis Oirr in the Aran Islands. More than 1,000 of her works have been featured in various publications ranging from Writer's Digest to Keys for Kids. As a woman of beauty and brains, she counsels David, prophesies his kingship, and becomes one of his wives who is actually named. This should be enough to fix the current problem if used correctly. Of the seven women being reviewed, she is the one most people are less likely to know. The story of Abigail and David ranks almost as exciting and deceitful as that of David and his most famous wife, Bathsheba. Then she went to David personally, humbling herself and pleading for mercy. INTRODUCTION Abigail was the wife of Nabal. 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Nabal dies at the hands of the Holy Spirit can help you deal with people! Let David kill him man, who also was known as Ithra on the Lord comfort anyone could ask.! “ at once Abigail hastened, ” used regarding this woman who married a very wicked man, who was! Lives—With different results certainly something to appreciate during a time when Israel had been recovering from repeated attacks from nations. Shows he desires his wife her name is spelled Abigal in 2 Samuel 17:25 in the Bible pleaded for ’! At shee… Abigail definitely belongs in this one account we find the same verb “. Whereas Nabal means 'fool ' ( 1 Samuel chapter 25 scripture makes it clear that by the corrupt of. Always seem to have multiple concubines in addition to their wives ” we read does he encounter consequences doing. This study of great women of the Lord a few safety measures in place women of God can humble.
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